Rapid assessment of environmental health risks posed by mining operations in low- and middle-income countries: Selected case studies

Jack Caravanos, Bret Ericson, Johny Ponce-Canchihuamán, David Hanrahan, Meredith Block, Budi Susilorini, Richard Fuller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous studies have evaluated associated health risks and human exposure pathways at mining sites. Others have provided estimates of the scale of the issue based in part on surveys. However, a global census of mining-related hazardous waste sites has been lacking. The Toxic Sites Identification Program (TSIP) implemented by Blacksmith Institute (New York, NY, USA) since 2009 is an ongoing effort to catalogue a wide range of chemically contaminated sites with a potential human health risk (Ericson et al., Environ Monit Assess doi:10.1007/s 10661-012-2665-2, 2012). The TSIP utilizes a rapid assessment instrument, the Initial Site Screening (ISS), to quickly and affordably identify key site criteria including human exposure pathways, estimated populations at risk, and sampling information. The resulting ISS allows for comparison between sites exhibiting different contaminants and pollution sources. This paper explores the results of a subset of ISSs completed at 131 artisanal and small-scale gold mining areas and 275 industrial mining and ore processing sites in 45 countries. The authors show that the ISS captures key data points, allowing for prioritization of sites for further investigation or remedial activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7711-7718
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume20
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

Fingerprint

Environmental Health
Health risks
environmental risk
health risk
Screening
Poisons
income
Gold mines
Hazardous Waste Sites
Ore treatment
prioritization
Health
Pollution
Censuses
pollutant source
hazardous waste
Gold
Impurities
Sampling
census

Keywords

  • Developing countries
  • Health risks
  • Low- and medium-income countries
  • Mining
  • Pollution
  • Rapid risk assessment
  • Waste site

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Pollution

Cite this

Rapid assessment of environmental health risks posed by mining operations in low- and middle-income countries : Selected case studies. / Caravanos, Jack; Ericson, Bret; Ponce-Canchihuamán, Johny; Hanrahan, David; Block, Meredith; Susilorini, Budi; Fuller, Richard.

In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Vol. 20, No. 11, 11.2013, p. 7711-7718.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Caravanos, Jack ; Ericson, Bret ; Ponce-Canchihuamán, Johny ; Hanrahan, David ; Block, Meredith ; Susilorini, Budi ; Fuller, Richard. / Rapid assessment of environmental health risks posed by mining operations in low- and middle-income countries : Selected case studies. In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research. 2013 ; Vol. 20, No. 11. pp. 7711-7718.
@article{63deae8bfcc04ecbb4b4f01bb6a1bd23,
title = "Rapid assessment of environmental health risks posed by mining operations in low- and middle-income countries: Selected case studies",
abstract = "Previous studies have evaluated associated health risks and human exposure pathways at mining sites. Others have provided estimates of the scale of the issue based in part on surveys. However, a global census of mining-related hazardous waste sites has been lacking. The Toxic Sites Identification Program (TSIP) implemented by Blacksmith Institute (New York, NY, USA) since 2009 is an ongoing effort to catalogue a wide range of chemically contaminated sites with a potential human health risk (Ericson et al., Environ Monit Assess doi:10.1007/s 10661-012-2665-2, 2012). The TSIP utilizes a rapid assessment instrument, the Initial Site Screening (ISS), to quickly and affordably identify key site criteria including human exposure pathways, estimated populations at risk, and sampling information. The resulting ISS allows for comparison between sites exhibiting different contaminants and pollution sources. This paper explores the results of a subset of ISSs completed at 131 artisanal and small-scale gold mining areas and 275 industrial mining and ore processing sites in 45 countries. The authors show that the ISS captures key data points, allowing for prioritization of sites for further investigation or remedial activity.",
keywords = "Developing countries, Health risks, Low- and medium-income countries, Mining, Pollution, Rapid risk assessment, Waste site",
author = "Jack Caravanos and Bret Ericson and Johny Ponce-Canchihuam{\'a}n and David Hanrahan and Meredith Block and Budi Susilorini and Richard Fuller",
year = "2013",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1007/s11356-012-1424-9",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "20",
pages = "7711--7718",
journal = "Environmental Science and Pollution Research",
issn = "0944-1344",
publisher = "Springer Science + Business Media",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rapid assessment of environmental health risks posed by mining operations in low- and middle-income countries

T2 - Selected case studies

AU - Caravanos, Jack

AU - Ericson, Bret

AU - Ponce-Canchihuamán, Johny

AU - Hanrahan, David

AU - Block, Meredith

AU - Susilorini, Budi

AU - Fuller, Richard

PY - 2013/11

Y1 - 2013/11

N2 - Previous studies have evaluated associated health risks and human exposure pathways at mining sites. Others have provided estimates of the scale of the issue based in part on surveys. However, a global census of mining-related hazardous waste sites has been lacking. The Toxic Sites Identification Program (TSIP) implemented by Blacksmith Institute (New York, NY, USA) since 2009 is an ongoing effort to catalogue a wide range of chemically contaminated sites with a potential human health risk (Ericson et al., Environ Monit Assess doi:10.1007/s 10661-012-2665-2, 2012). The TSIP utilizes a rapid assessment instrument, the Initial Site Screening (ISS), to quickly and affordably identify key site criteria including human exposure pathways, estimated populations at risk, and sampling information. The resulting ISS allows for comparison between sites exhibiting different contaminants and pollution sources. This paper explores the results of a subset of ISSs completed at 131 artisanal and small-scale gold mining areas and 275 industrial mining and ore processing sites in 45 countries. The authors show that the ISS captures key data points, allowing for prioritization of sites for further investigation or remedial activity.

AB - Previous studies have evaluated associated health risks and human exposure pathways at mining sites. Others have provided estimates of the scale of the issue based in part on surveys. However, a global census of mining-related hazardous waste sites has been lacking. The Toxic Sites Identification Program (TSIP) implemented by Blacksmith Institute (New York, NY, USA) since 2009 is an ongoing effort to catalogue a wide range of chemically contaminated sites with a potential human health risk (Ericson et al., Environ Monit Assess doi:10.1007/s 10661-012-2665-2, 2012). The TSIP utilizes a rapid assessment instrument, the Initial Site Screening (ISS), to quickly and affordably identify key site criteria including human exposure pathways, estimated populations at risk, and sampling information. The resulting ISS allows for comparison between sites exhibiting different contaminants and pollution sources. This paper explores the results of a subset of ISSs completed at 131 artisanal and small-scale gold mining areas and 275 industrial mining and ore processing sites in 45 countries. The authors show that the ISS captures key data points, allowing for prioritization of sites for further investigation or remedial activity.

KW - Developing countries

KW - Health risks

KW - Low- and medium-income countries

KW - Mining

KW - Pollution

KW - Rapid risk assessment

KW - Waste site

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84885943473&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84885943473&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11356-012-1424-9

DO - 10.1007/s11356-012-1424-9

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 7711

EP - 7718

JO - Environmental Science and Pollution Research

JF - Environmental Science and Pollution Research

SN - 0944-1344

IS - 11

ER -