Rapid and long-lasting learning of feature binding

Amit Yashar, Marisa Carrasco-Queijeiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

How are features integrated (bound) into objects and how can this process be facilitated? Here we investigated the role of rapid perceptual learning in feature binding and its long-lasting effects. By isolating the contributions of individual features from their conjunctions between training and test displays, we demonstrate for the first time that training can rapidly and substantially improve feature binding. Observers trained on a conjunction search task consisting of a rapid display with one target-conjunction, then tested with a new target-conjunction. Features were the same between training and test displays. Learning transferred to the new target when its conjunction was presented as a distractor, but not when only its component features were presented in different conjunction distractors during training. Training improvement lasted for up to 16 months, but, in all conditions, it was specific to the trained target. Our findings suggest that with short training observers' ability to bind two specific features into an object is improved, and that this learning effect can last for over a year. Moreover, our findings show that while the short-term learning effect reflects activation of presented items and their binding, long-term consolidation is task specific.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-138
Number of pages9
JournalCognition
Volume154
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Fingerprint

Learning
learning
learning success
Aptitude
consolidation
activation
ability
Distractor
Observer

Keywords

  • Conjunction search
  • Feature binding
  • Perceptual learning
  • Visual search

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Rapid and long-lasting learning of feature binding. / Yashar, Amit; Carrasco-Queijeiro, Marisa.

In: Cognition, Vol. 154, 01.09.2016, p. 130-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yashar, Amit ; Carrasco-Queijeiro, Marisa. / Rapid and long-lasting learning of feature binding. In: Cognition. 2016 ; Vol. 154. pp. 130-138.
@article{fff15831ea034e3b96c87a1098a350fc,
title = "Rapid and long-lasting learning of feature binding",
abstract = "How are features integrated (bound) into objects and how can this process be facilitated? Here we investigated the role of rapid perceptual learning in feature binding and its long-lasting effects. By isolating the contributions of individual features from their conjunctions between training and test displays, we demonstrate for the first time that training can rapidly and substantially improve feature binding. Observers trained on a conjunction search task consisting of a rapid display with one target-conjunction, then tested with a new target-conjunction. Features were the same between training and test displays. Learning transferred to the new target when its conjunction was presented as a distractor, but not when only its component features were presented in different conjunction distractors during training. Training improvement lasted for up to 16 months, but, in all conditions, it was specific to the trained target. Our findings suggest that with short training observers' ability to bind two specific features into an object is improved, and that this learning effect can last for over a year. Moreover, our findings show that while the short-term learning effect reflects activation of presented items and their binding, long-term consolidation is task specific.",
keywords = "Conjunction search, Feature binding, Perceptual learning, Visual search",
author = "Amit Yashar and Marisa Carrasco-Queijeiro",
year = "2016",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.cognition.2016.05.019",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "154",
pages = "130--138",
journal = "Cognition",
issn = "0010-0277",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Rapid and long-lasting learning of feature binding

AU - Yashar, Amit

AU - Carrasco-Queijeiro, Marisa

PY - 2016/9/1

Y1 - 2016/9/1

N2 - How are features integrated (bound) into objects and how can this process be facilitated? Here we investigated the role of rapid perceptual learning in feature binding and its long-lasting effects. By isolating the contributions of individual features from their conjunctions between training and test displays, we demonstrate for the first time that training can rapidly and substantially improve feature binding. Observers trained on a conjunction search task consisting of a rapid display with one target-conjunction, then tested with a new target-conjunction. Features were the same between training and test displays. Learning transferred to the new target when its conjunction was presented as a distractor, but not when only its component features were presented in different conjunction distractors during training. Training improvement lasted for up to 16 months, but, in all conditions, it was specific to the trained target. Our findings suggest that with short training observers' ability to bind two specific features into an object is improved, and that this learning effect can last for over a year. Moreover, our findings show that while the short-term learning effect reflects activation of presented items and their binding, long-term consolidation is task specific.

AB - How are features integrated (bound) into objects and how can this process be facilitated? Here we investigated the role of rapid perceptual learning in feature binding and its long-lasting effects. By isolating the contributions of individual features from their conjunctions between training and test displays, we demonstrate for the first time that training can rapidly and substantially improve feature binding. Observers trained on a conjunction search task consisting of a rapid display with one target-conjunction, then tested with a new target-conjunction. Features were the same between training and test displays. Learning transferred to the new target when its conjunction was presented as a distractor, but not when only its component features were presented in different conjunction distractors during training. Training improvement lasted for up to 16 months, but, in all conditions, it was specific to the trained target. Our findings suggest that with short training observers' ability to bind two specific features into an object is improved, and that this learning effect can last for over a year. Moreover, our findings show that while the short-term learning effect reflects activation of presented items and their binding, long-term consolidation is task specific.

KW - Conjunction search

KW - Feature binding

KW - Perceptual learning

KW - Visual search

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84973316139&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84973316139&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.cognition.2016.05.019

DO - 10.1016/j.cognition.2016.05.019

M3 - Article

C2 - 27289484

AN - SCOPUS:84973316139

VL - 154

SP - 130

EP - 138

JO - Cognition

JF - Cognition

SN - 0010-0277

ER -