Randomized controlled trial to improve self-efficacy in people with multiple sclerosis: The community reintegration for socially isolated patients (CRISP) program

J. Tamar Kalina, Jim Hinojosa, Lauren Strober, Joshua Bacon, Seamus Donnelly, Yael Goverover

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


OBJECTIVE. We examined the efficacy of a 12-wk educational socialization program, Community Reintegration for Socially Isolated Patients (CRISP), in improving self-efficacy for people with multiple sclerosis (MS). We also examined whether participants in the experimental group with increased self-efficacy experienced reduced loneliness and depression. METHOD. This randomized controlled group design included 91 participants with MS (experimental group, n 5 51; control group, n 5 40). Participants were between ages 20 and 68 yr, and the majority experienced a relapsing-remitting MS course (86%) and mild to moderate disability. Participants completed baseline and posttreatment assessments, including questionnaires assessing self-efficacy, loneliness, and depression. RESULTS. Experimental group participants significantly improved in self-efficacy compared with control group participants. Experimental group participants who demonstrated improved self-efficacy reported reduced perceptions of loneliness but not depressive symptoms. CONCLUSION. CRISP is a promising intervention to improve self-efficacy for people with MS. However, results need to be treated with caution given the study's limitations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7205205030
JournalAmerican Journal of Occupational Therapy
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Occupational Therapy

Cite this