Raising female employment: Reflections and policy tools

Pietro Garibaldi, Etienne Wasmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

While there is consensus on the need to raise the time spent in the market by European women, it is not clear how these goals should be achieved. Tax wedges, assistance in the job search process, and part-time jobs are policy instruments that are widely debated in policy circles. The paper presents a simple model of labor supply with market frictions and heterogenous home production where the effects of these policies can be coherently analyzed. We show that subsidies to labor market entry increase women's entrance in the labor market, but they also increase exits from the labor market, with ambiguous effect on employment. Subsidies to part-time do increase employment, but they have ambiguous effects on hours and market production. Finally, reductions in taxes on market activities that are highly substitutable with home production have unambiguous positive effects on market employment and production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)320-330
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the European Economic Association
Volume2
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

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