Radio monitoring of the hard state jets in the 2011 outburst of MAXI J1836-194

T. D. Russell, J. C.A. Miller-Jones, P. A. Curran, R. Soria, D. Altamirano, S. Corbel, M. Coriat, A. Moin, Dave Russell, G. R. Sivakoff, T. J. Slaven-Blair, T. M. Belloni, R. P. Fender, S. Heinz, P. G. Jonker, H. A. Krimm, E. G. Körding, D. Maitra, S. Markoff, M. MiddletonS. Migliari, R. A. Remillard, M. P. Rupen, C. L. Sarazin, A. J. Tetarenko, M. A.P. Torres, V. Tudose, A. K. Tzioumis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

MAXI J1836-194 is a Galactic black hole candidate X-ray binary that was discovered in 2011 when it went into outburst. In this paper, we present the full radio monitoring of this system during its 'failed' outburst, in which the source did not complete a full set of state changes, only transitioning as far as the hard intermediate state. Observations with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) and Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) show that the jet properties changed significantly during the outburst. The VLA observations detected linearly polarized emission at a level of ~1 per cent early in the outburst, increasing to ~3 per cent as the outburst peaked. High-resolution images with the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) show an ~15 mas jet along the position angle -21 ± 2°, in agreement with the electric vector position angle found from our polarization results (-21 ± 4°), implying that the magnetic field is perpendicular to the jet. Astrometric observations suggest that the system required an asymmetric natal kick to explain its observed space velocity. Comparing quasisimultaneous X-ray monitoring with the 5 GHz VLA observations from the 2011 outburst shows an unusually steep hard-state radio/X-ray correlation of LR α LX1.8±0.2, where LR and LX denote the radio and X-ray luminosities, respectively.With ATCA and Swift monitoring of the source during a period of re-brightening in 2012, we show that the system lay on the same steep correlation. Due to the low inclination of this system, we then investigate the possibility that the observed correlation may have been steepened by variable Doppler boosting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1745-1759
Number of pages15
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume450
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

outburst
Very Large Array (VLA)
radio
monitoring
x rays
telescopes
Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA)
inclination
luminosity
image resolution
high resolution
polarization
magnetic fields
magnetic field

Keywords

  • ISM: jets and outflows
  • Proper motions
  • Radio continuum: stars
  • Stars: individual: MAXI J1836-194
  • X-rays: binaries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Russell, T. D., Miller-Jones, J. C. A., Curran, P. A., Soria, R., Altamirano, D., Corbel, S., ... Tzioumis, A. K. (2015). Radio monitoring of the hard state jets in the 2011 outburst of MAXI J1836-194. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 450(2), 1745-1759. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv723

Radio monitoring of the hard state jets in the 2011 outburst of MAXI J1836-194. / Russell, T. D.; Miller-Jones, J. C.A.; Curran, P. A.; Soria, R.; Altamirano, D.; Corbel, S.; Coriat, M.; Moin, A.; Russell, Dave; Sivakoff, G. R.; Slaven-Blair, T. J.; Belloni, T. M.; Fender, R. P.; Heinz, S.; Jonker, P. G.; Krimm, H. A.; Körding, E. G.; Maitra, D.; Markoff, S.; Middleton, M.; Migliari, S.; Remillard, R. A.; Rupen, M. P.; Sarazin, C. L.; Tetarenko, A. J.; Torres, M. A.P.; Tudose, V.; Tzioumis, A. K.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 450, No. 2, 01.01.2015, p. 1745-1759.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Russell, TD, Miller-Jones, JCA, Curran, PA, Soria, R, Altamirano, D, Corbel, S, Coriat, M, Moin, A, Russell, D, Sivakoff, GR, Slaven-Blair, TJ, Belloni, TM, Fender, RP, Heinz, S, Jonker, PG, Krimm, HA, Körding, EG, Maitra, D, Markoff, S, Middleton, M, Migliari, S, Remillard, RA, Rupen, MP, Sarazin, CL, Tetarenko, AJ, Torres, MAP, Tudose, V & Tzioumis, AK 2015, 'Radio monitoring of the hard state jets in the 2011 outburst of MAXI J1836-194', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 450, no. 2, pp. 1745-1759. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv723
Russell TD, Miller-Jones JCA, Curran PA, Soria R, Altamirano D, Corbel S et al. Radio monitoring of the hard state jets in the 2011 outburst of MAXI J1836-194. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2015 Jan 1;450(2):1745-1759. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv723
Russell, T. D. ; Miller-Jones, J. C.A. ; Curran, P. A. ; Soria, R. ; Altamirano, D. ; Corbel, S. ; Coriat, M. ; Moin, A. ; Russell, Dave ; Sivakoff, G. R. ; Slaven-Blair, T. J. ; Belloni, T. M. ; Fender, R. P. ; Heinz, S. ; Jonker, P. G. ; Krimm, H. A. ; Körding, E. G. ; Maitra, D. ; Markoff, S. ; Middleton, M. ; Migliari, S. ; Remillard, R. A. ; Rupen, M. P. ; Sarazin, C. L. ; Tetarenko, A. J. ; Torres, M. A.P. ; Tudose, V. ; Tzioumis, A. K. / Radio monitoring of the hard state jets in the 2011 outburst of MAXI J1836-194. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2015 ; Vol. 450, No. 2. pp. 1745-1759.
@article{33acea15d80c456b8722084a35adeaa9,
title = "Radio monitoring of the hard state jets in the 2011 outburst of MAXI J1836-194",
abstract = "MAXI J1836-194 is a Galactic black hole candidate X-ray binary that was discovered in 2011 when it went into outburst. In this paper, we present the full radio monitoring of this system during its 'failed' outburst, in which the source did not complete a full set of state changes, only transitioning as far as the hard intermediate state. Observations with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) and Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) show that the jet properties changed significantly during the outburst. The VLA observations detected linearly polarized emission at a level of ~1 per cent early in the outburst, increasing to ~3 per cent as the outburst peaked. High-resolution images with the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) show an ~15 mas jet along the position angle -21 ± 2°, in agreement with the electric vector position angle found from our polarization results (-21 ± 4°), implying that the magnetic field is perpendicular to the jet. Astrometric observations suggest that the system required an asymmetric natal kick to explain its observed space velocity. Comparing quasisimultaneous X-ray monitoring with the 5 GHz VLA observations from the 2011 outburst shows an unusually steep hard-state radio/X-ray correlation of LR α LX1.8±0.2, where LR and LX denote the radio and X-ray luminosities, respectively.With ATCA and Swift monitoring of the source during a period of re-brightening in 2012, we show that the system lay on the same steep correlation. Due to the low inclination of this system, we then investigate the possibility that the observed correlation may have been steepened by variable Doppler boosting.",
keywords = "ISM: jets and outflows, Proper motions, Radio continuum: stars, Stars: individual: MAXI J1836-194, X-rays: binaries",
author = "Russell, {T. D.} and Miller-Jones, {J. C.A.} and Curran, {P. A.} and R. Soria and D. Altamirano and S. Corbel and M. Coriat and A. Moin and Dave Russell and Sivakoff, {G. R.} and Slaven-Blair, {T. J.} and Belloni, {T. M.} and Fender, {R. P.} and S. Heinz and Jonker, {P. G.} and Krimm, {H. A.} and K{\"o}rding, {E. G.} and D. Maitra and S. Markoff and M. Middleton and S. Migliari and Remillard, {R. A.} and Rupen, {M. P.} and Sarazin, {C. L.} and Tetarenko, {A. J.} and Torres, {M. A.P.} and V. Tudose and Tzioumis, {A. K.}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/mnras/stv723",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "450",
pages = "1745--1759",
journal = "Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society",
issn = "0035-8711",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Radio monitoring of the hard state jets in the 2011 outburst of MAXI J1836-194

AU - Russell, T. D.

AU - Miller-Jones, J. C.A.

AU - Curran, P. A.

AU - Soria, R.

AU - Altamirano, D.

AU - Corbel, S.

AU - Coriat, M.

AU - Moin, A.

AU - Russell, Dave

AU - Sivakoff, G. R.

AU - Slaven-Blair, T. J.

AU - Belloni, T. M.

AU - Fender, R. P.

AU - Heinz, S.

AU - Jonker, P. G.

AU - Krimm, H. A.

AU - Körding, E. G.

AU - Maitra, D.

AU - Markoff, S.

AU - Middleton, M.

AU - Migliari, S.

AU - Remillard, R. A.

AU - Rupen, M. P.

AU - Sarazin, C. L.

AU - Tetarenko, A. J.

AU - Torres, M. A.P.

AU - Tudose, V.

AU - Tzioumis, A. K.

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - MAXI J1836-194 is a Galactic black hole candidate X-ray binary that was discovered in 2011 when it went into outburst. In this paper, we present the full radio monitoring of this system during its 'failed' outburst, in which the source did not complete a full set of state changes, only transitioning as far as the hard intermediate state. Observations with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) and Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) show that the jet properties changed significantly during the outburst. The VLA observations detected linearly polarized emission at a level of ~1 per cent early in the outburst, increasing to ~3 per cent as the outburst peaked. High-resolution images with the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) show an ~15 mas jet along the position angle -21 ± 2°, in agreement with the electric vector position angle found from our polarization results (-21 ± 4°), implying that the magnetic field is perpendicular to the jet. Astrometric observations suggest that the system required an asymmetric natal kick to explain its observed space velocity. Comparing quasisimultaneous X-ray monitoring with the 5 GHz VLA observations from the 2011 outburst shows an unusually steep hard-state radio/X-ray correlation of LR α LX1.8±0.2, where LR and LX denote the radio and X-ray luminosities, respectively.With ATCA and Swift monitoring of the source during a period of re-brightening in 2012, we show that the system lay on the same steep correlation. Due to the low inclination of this system, we then investigate the possibility that the observed correlation may have been steepened by variable Doppler boosting.

AB - MAXI J1836-194 is a Galactic black hole candidate X-ray binary that was discovered in 2011 when it went into outburst. In this paper, we present the full radio monitoring of this system during its 'failed' outburst, in which the source did not complete a full set of state changes, only transitioning as far as the hard intermediate state. Observations with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) and Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) show that the jet properties changed significantly during the outburst. The VLA observations detected linearly polarized emission at a level of ~1 per cent early in the outburst, increasing to ~3 per cent as the outburst peaked. High-resolution images with the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) show an ~15 mas jet along the position angle -21 ± 2°, in agreement with the electric vector position angle found from our polarization results (-21 ± 4°), implying that the magnetic field is perpendicular to the jet. Astrometric observations suggest that the system required an asymmetric natal kick to explain its observed space velocity. Comparing quasisimultaneous X-ray monitoring with the 5 GHz VLA observations from the 2011 outburst shows an unusually steep hard-state radio/X-ray correlation of LR α LX1.8±0.2, where LR and LX denote the radio and X-ray luminosities, respectively.With ATCA and Swift monitoring of the source during a period of re-brightening in 2012, we show that the system lay on the same steep correlation. Due to the low inclination of this system, we then investigate the possibility that the observed correlation may have been steepened by variable Doppler boosting.

KW - ISM: jets and outflows

KW - Proper motions

KW - Radio continuum: stars

KW - Stars: individual: MAXI J1836-194

KW - X-rays: binaries

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84938099118&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84938099118&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/mnras/stv723

DO - 10.1093/mnras/stv723

M3 - Article

VL - 450

SP - 1745

EP - 1759

JO - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

JF - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

SN - 0035-8711

IS - 2

ER -