Radiation pretreatments for optimizing the sugar yield in the acid hydrolysis of waste cellulose

Walter Brenner, Barry Rugg, Josef Arnon, Marshall Cleland, Charles Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cellulosic wastes are now recognized as an underutilized renewable resource for both materials and energy recovery rather than a solid waste disposal problem. Acid hydrolysis offers a potentially attractive route for upgrading the value of cellulosic wastes by converting them to glucose. The glucose can then be used as an alternate feedstock to petrochemicals for fuels, intermediates and the synthesis of single cell protein. A key step in this developing technology is a cost effective cellulose waste pretreatment for optimizing the sugar yield. Various experimental approaches for achieving this objective are described. A combination waste cellulose waste feedstock followed by a short time dilute sulfuric acid hydrolysis has been found to be particularly effective. Data are also given on the employment of various organic acids in place of sulfuric acid for the hydrolysis reaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)299-308
Number of pages10
JournalRadiation Physics and Chemistry
Volume14
Issue number3-6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1979

Fingerprint

sugars
cellulose
pretreatment
hydrolysis
acids
radiation
sulfuric acid
glucose
waste disposal
solid wastes
upgrading
resources
recovery
routes
proteins
costs
synthesis
cells
energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation

Cite this

Radiation pretreatments for optimizing the sugar yield in the acid hydrolysis of waste cellulose. / Brenner, Walter; Rugg, Barry; Arnon, Josef; Cleland, Marshall; Rogers, Charles.

In: Radiation Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 14, No. 3-6, 1979, p. 299-308.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brenner, Walter ; Rugg, Barry ; Arnon, Josef ; Cleland, Marshall ; Rogers, Charles. / Radiation pretreatments for optimizing the sugar yield in the acid hydrolysis of waste cellulose. In: Radiation Physics and Chemistry. 1979 ; Vol. 14, No. 3-6. pp. 299-308.
@article{110b145607a14a54b3d000d956b0dd34,
title = "Radiation pretreatments for optimizing the sugar yield in the acid hydrolysis of waste cellulose",
abstract = "Cellulosic wastes are now recognized as an underutilized renewable resource for both materials and energy recovery rather than a solid waste disposal problem. Acid hydrolysis offers a potentially attractive route for upgrading the value of cellulosic wastes by converting them to glucose. The glucose can then be used as an alternate feedstock to petrochemicals for fuels, intermediates and the synthesis of single cell protein. A key step in this developing technology is a cost effective cellulose waste pretreatment for optimizing the sugar yield. Various experimental approaches for achieving this objective are described. A combination waste cellulose waste feedstock followed by a short time dilute sulfuric acid hydrolysis has been found to be particularly effective. Data are also given on the employment of various organic acids in place of sulfuric acid for the hydrolysis reaction.",
author = "Walter Brenner and Barry Rugg and Josef Arnon and Marshall Cleland and Charles Rogers",
year = "1979",
doi = "10.1016/0146-5724(79)90069-4",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "14",
pages = "299--308",
journal = "Radiation Physics and Chemistry",
issn = "0969-806X",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "3-6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Radiation pretreatments for optimizing the sugar yield in the acid hydrolysis of waste cellulose

AU - Brenner, Walter

AU - Rugg, Barry

AU - Arnon, Josef

AU - Cleland, Marshall

AU - Rogers, Charles

PY - 1979

Y1 - 1979

N2 - Cellulosic wastes are now recognized as an underutilized renewable resource for both materials and energy recovery rather than a solid waste disposal problem. Acid hydrolysis offers a potentially attractive route for upgrading the value of cellulosic wastes by converting them to glucose. The glucose can then be used as an alternate feedstock to petrochemicals for fuels, intermediates and the synthesis of single cell protein. A key step in this developing technology is a cost effective cellulose waste pretreatment for optimizing the sugar yield. Various experimental approaches for achieving this objective are described. A combination waste cellulose waste feedstock followed by a short time dilute sulfuric acid hydrolysis has been found to be particularly effective. Data are also given on the employment of various organic acids in place of sulfuric acid for the hydrolysis reaction.

AB - Cellulosic wastes are now recognized as an underutilized renewable resource for both materials and energy recovery rather than a solid waste disposal problem. Acid hydrolysis offers a potentially attractive route for upgrading the value of cellulosic wastes by converting them to glucose. The glucose can then be used as an alternate feedstock to petrochemicals for fuels, intermediates and the synthesis of single cell protein. A key step in this developing technology is a cost effective cellulose waste pretreatment for optimizing the sugar yield. Various experimental approaches for achieving this objective are described. A combination waste cellulose waste feedstock followed by a short time dilute sulfuric acid hydrolysis has been found to be particularly effective. Data are also given on the employment of various organic acids in place of sulfuric acid for the hydrolysis reaction.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33646277745&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33646277745&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0146-5724(79)90069-4

DO - 10.1016/0146-5724(79)90069-4

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33646277745

VL - 14

SP - 299

EP - 308

JO - Radiation Physics and Chemistry

JF - Radiation Physics and Chemistry

SN - 0969-806X

IS - 3-6

ER -