Racial/ethnic residential segregation, neighborhood poverty and urinary biomarkers of diet in New York City adults

Stella S. Yi, Ryan Ruff, Molly Jung, Elizabeth Needham Waddell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Consuming less sodium and more potassium are components of a healthy diet and reduced cardiovascular disease risk. Racial/ethnic segregation and poverty are both associated with dietary habits, but data linking dietary intake to neighborhood characteristics are limited, particularly in Hispanic and Asian American ethnic enclaves. This study presents relationships between neighborhood-level segregation, poverty and biologic indicators of sodium and potassium consumption. Data were from the 2010 Heart Follow-Up Study, a cross-sectional health survey, which included 24-hurine collections and self-reported health status (n = 1656). Black, Hispanic, and Asian segregated areas and neighborhood poverty were defined for aggregated zip-code areas. Multivariable models assessed the association between neighborhood segregation and poverty and sodium and potassium intake, after adjustment for individual-level covariates. In unadjusted models, potassium intake (a marker of fruit and vegetable consumption) was lower in high-versus low-Hispanic segregated neighborhoods, and the sodium-potassium ratio was higher in high-versus low black and Hispanic segregated neighborhoods, and in high-versus low-poverty neighborhoods; the sodium-potassium ratio was lower in high-versus low Asian segregated neighborhoods. Segregation and poverty were not independently associated with nutrition biomarkers after adjustment for demographics and for each other; however, practical consideration of neighborhood race/ethnic composition may be useful to understand differences in consumption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-129
Number of pages8
JournalSocial Science and Medicine
Volume122
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

Fingerprint

Poverty
segregation
Biomarkers
poverty
Diet
Potassium
Hispanic Americans
Sodium
Poverty Areas
Residential Segregation
Asian Americans
Feeding Behavior
Health Surveys
vegetables
Vegetables
Health Status
health status
nutrition
habits
Segregation

Keywords

  • Ethnic enclaves
  • Fruit and vegetable intake
  • New York City
  • Potassium
  • Segregation
  • Sodium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • History and Philosophy of Science

Cite this

Racial/ethnic residential segregation, neighborhood poverty and urinary biomarkers of diet in New York City adults. / Yi, Stella S.; Ruff, Ryan; Jung, Molly; Waddell, Elizabeth Needham.

In: Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 122, 01.12.2014, p. 122-129.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{492c8b5897504338811b09251bbdd387,
title = "Racial/ethnic residential segregation, neighborhood poverty and urinary biomarkers of diet in New York City adults",
abstract = "Consuming less sodium and more potassium are components of a healthy diet and reduced cardiovascular disease risk. Racial/ethnic segregation and poverty are both associated with dietary habits, but data linking dietary intake to neighborhood characteristics are limited, particularly in Hispanic and Asian American ethnic enclaves. This study presents relationships between neighborhood-level segregation, poverty and biologic indicators of sodium and potassium consumption. Data were from the 2010 Heart Follow-Up Study, a cross-sectional health survey, which included 24-hurine collections and self-reported health status (n = 1656). Black, Hispanic, and Asian segregated areas and neighborhood poverty were defined for aggregated zip-code areas. Multivariable models assessed the association between neighborhood segregation and poverty and sodium and potassium intake, after adjustment for individual-level covariates. In unadjusted models, potassium intake (a marker of fruit and vegetable consumption) was lower in high-versus low-Hispanic segregated neighborhoods, and the sodium-potassium ratio was higher in high-versus low black and Hispanic segregated neighborhoods, and in high-versus low-poverty neighborhoods; the sodium-potassium ratio was lower in high-versus low Asian segregated neighborhoods. Segregation and poverty were not independently associated with nutrition biomarkers after adjustment for demographics and for each other; however, practical consideration of neighborhood race/ethnic composition may be useful to understand differences in consumption.",
keywords = "Ethnic enclaves, Fruit and vegetable intake, New York City, Potassium, Segregation, Sodium",
author = "Yi, {Stella S.} and Ryan Ruff and Molly Jung and Waddell, {Elizabeth Needham}",
year = "2014",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.10.030",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "122",
pages = "122--129",
journal = "Social Science and Medicine",
issn = "0277-9536",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Racial/ethnic residential segregation, neighborhood poverty and urinary biomarkers of diet in New York City adults

AU - Yi, Stella S.

AU - Ruff, Ryan

AU - Jung, Molly

AU - Waddell, Elizabeth Needham

PY - 2014/12/1

Y1 - 2014/12/1

N2 - Consuming less sodium and more potassium are components of a healthy diet and reduced cardiovascular disease risk. Racial/ethnic segregation and poverty are both associated with dietary habits, but data linking dietary intake to neighborhood characteristics are limited, particularly in Hispanic and Asian American ethnic enclaves. This study presents relationships between neighborhood-level segregation, poverty and biologic indicators of sodium and potassium consumption. Data were from the 2010 Heart Follow-Up Study, a cross-sectional health survey, which included 24-hurine collections and self-reported health status (n = 1656). Black, Hispanic, and Asian segregated areas and neighborhood poverty were defined for aggregated zip-code areas. Multivariable models assessed the association between neighborhood segregation and poverty and sodium and potassium intake, after adjustment for individual-level covariates. In unadjusted models, potassium intake (a marker of fruit and vegetable consumption) was lower in high-versus low-Hispanic segregated neighborhoods, and the sodium-potassium ratio was higher in high-versus low black and Hispanic segregated neighborhoods, and in high-versus low-poverty neighborhoods; the sodium-potassium ratio was lower in high-versus low Asian segregated neighborhoods. Segregation and poverty were not independently associated with nutrition biomarkers after adjustment for demographics and for each other; however, practical consideration of neighborhood race/ethnic composition may be useful to understand differences in consumption.

AB - Consuming less sodium and more potassium are components of a healthy diet and reduced cardiovascular disease risk. Racial/ethnic segregation and poverty are both associated with dietary habits, but data linking dietary intake to neighborhood characteristics are limited, particularly in Hispanic and Asian American ethnic enclaves. This study presents relationships between neighborhood-level segregation, poverty and biologic indicators of sodium and potassium consumption. Data were from the 2010 Heart Follow-Up Study, a cross-sectional health survey, which included 24-hurine collections and self-reported health status (n = 1656). Black, Hispanic, and Asian segregated areas and neighborhood poverty were defined for aggregated zip-code areas. Multivariable models assessed the association between neighborhood segregation and poverty and sodium and potassium intake, after adjustment for individual-level covariates. In unadjusted models, potassium intake (a marker of fruit and vegetable consumption) was lower in high-versus low-Hispanic segregated neighborhoods, and the sodium-potassium ratio was higher in high-versus low black and Hispanic segregated neighborhoods, and in high-versus low-poverty neighborhoods; the sodium-potassium ratio was lower in high-versus low Asian segregated neighborhoods. Segregation and poverty were not independently associated with nutrition biomarkers after adjustment for demographics and for each other; however, practical consideration of neighborhood race/ethnic composition may be useful to understand differences in consumption.

KW - Ethnic enclaves

KW - Fruit and vegetable intake

KW - New York City

KW - Potassium

KW - Segregation

KW - Sodium

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84908378377&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84908378377&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.10.030

DO - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.10.030

M3 - Article

C2 - 25441324

AN - SCOPUS:84908378377

VL - 122

SP - 122

EP - 129

JO - Social Science and Medicine

JF - Social Science and Medicine

SN - 0277-9536

ER -