Racial/Ethnic Diversity in Academic Public Health: 20-Year Update

Melody S. Goodman, Christine M. Plepys, Jemar R. Bather, Rita M. Kelliher, Cheryl G. Healton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: This study is a follow-up to an examination of the racial/ethnic composition of public health students (1996) and faculty (1997) at schools of public health that was conducted 20 years ago. We examined data on the race/ethnicity of students, graduates, and faculty among Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health (ASPPH)–member institutions during 2016-2017 and how these data have changed in the past 20 years. Methods: We obtained data on the race/ethnicity of students (in 1996 and 2016), graduates (in 1996 and 2016), and faculty (in 1997 and 2017) at ASPPH-member institutions from the ASPPH Data Center. We tabulated frequencies, percentages, and 20-year percentage-point changes by race/ethnicity. We examined data for all current ASPPH-member institutions and for comparable subcohorts of 1996 and 1997 member institutions that are current ASPPH members. Results: In graduate student enrollment, the 20-year increase in each nonwhite racial/ethnic subgroup was ≤5 percentage points. Among tenured faculty, the 20-year increase was greatest among Asians (8 percentage points) but was <3 percentage points for black, Hispanic, and Native American faculty. Conclusions: The increasing racial/ethnic diversity among students, graduates, and faculty in schools and programs of public health contributes to parallel increases in racial/ethnic diversity in the public health workforce. Schools and programs of public health should recruit clusters of racial/ethnic minority students using holistic application review processes, provide enrolled students with racially/ethnically diverse role models and mentors, and dedicate staffing to ensure a student-centered approach. In addition, those who mentor racially/ethnically diverse students and junior faculty should be rewarded.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPublic Health Reports
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Public Health Schools
Public Health
Students
Mentors
Public Health Students
Health Manpower
North American Indians
Hispanic Americans

Keywords

  • academic public health
  • faculty diversity
  • racial/ethnic composition
  • racial/ethnic diversity
  • student diversity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Racial/Ethnic Diversity in Academic Public Health : 20-Year Update. / Goodman, Melody S.; Plepys, Christine M.; Bather, Jemar R.; Kelliher, Rita M.; Healton, Cheryl G.

In: Public Health Reports, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Goodman, Melody S. ; Plepys, Christine M. ; Bather, Jemar R. ; Kelliher, Rita M. ; Healton, Cheryl G. / Racial/Ethnic Diversity in Academic Public Health : 20-Year Update. In: Public Health Reports. 2019.
@article{b4b3fc1be1c34add9a8943c073e7ce03,
title = "Racial/Ethnic Diversity in Academic Public Health: 20-Year Update",
abstract = "Objective: This study is a follow-up to an examination of the racial/ethnic composition of public health students (1996) and faculty (1997) at schools of public health that was conducted 20 years ago. We examined data on the race/ethnicity of students, graduates, and faculty among Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health (ASPPH)–member institutions during 2016-2017 and how these data have changed in the past 20 years. Methods: We obtained data on the race/ethnicity of students (in 1996 and 2016), graduates (in 1996 and 2016), and faculty (in 1997 and 2017) at ASPPH-member institutions from the ASPPH Data Center. We tabulated frequencies, percentages, and 20-year percentage-point changes by race/ethnicity. We examined data for all current ASPPH-member institutions and for comparable subcohorts of 1996 and 1997 member institutions that are current ASPPH members. Results: In graduate student enrollment, the 20-year increase in each nonwhite racial/ethnic subgroup was ≤5 percentage points. Among tenured faculty, the 20-year increase was greatest among Asians (8 percentage points) but was <3 percentage points for black, Hispanic, and Native American faculty. Conclusions: The increasing racial/ethnic diversity among students, graduates, and faculty in schools and programs of public health contributes to parallel increases in racial/ethnic diversity in the public health workforce. Schools and programs of public health should recruit clusters of racial/ethnic minority students using holistic application review processes, provide enrolled students with racially/ethnically diverse role models and mentors, and dedicate staffing to ensure a student-centered approach. In addition, those who mentor racially/ethnically diverse students and junior faculty should be rewarded.",
keywords = "academic public health, faculty diversity, racial/ethnic composition, racial/ethnic diversity, student diversity",
author = "Goodman, {Melody S.} and Plepys, {Christine M.} and Bather, {Jemar R.} and Kelliher, {Rita M.} and Healton, {Cheryl G.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0033354919887747",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Public Health Reports",
issn = "0033-3549",
publisher = "Association of Schools of Public Health",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Racial/Ethnic Diversity in Academic Public Health

T2 - 20-Year Update

AU - Goodman, Melody S.

AU - Plepys, Christine M.

AU - Bather, Jemar R.

AU - Kelliher, Rita M.

AU - Healton, Cheryl G.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Objective: This study is a follow-up to an examination of the racial/ethnic composition of public health students (1996) and faculty (1997) at schools of public health that was conducted 20 years ago. We examined data on the race/ethnicity of students, graduates, and faculty among Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health (ASPPH)–member institutions during 2016-2017 and how these data have changed in the past 20 years. Methods: We obtained data on the race/ethnicity of students (in 1996 and 2016), graduates (in 1996 and 2016), and faculty (in 1997 and 2017) at ASPPH-member institutions from the ASPPH Data Center. We tabulated frequencies, percentages, and 20-year percentage-point changes by race/ethnicity. We examined data for all current ASPPH-member institutions and for comparable subcohorts of 1996 and 1997 member institutions that are current ASPPH members. Results: In graduate student enrollment, the 20-year increase in each nonwhite racial/ethnic subgroup was ≤5 percentage points. Among tenured faculty, the 20-year increase was greatest among Asians (8 percentage points) but was <3 percentage points for black, Hispanic, and Native American faculty. Conclusions: The increasing racial/ethnic diversity among students, graduates, and faculty in schools and programs of public health contributes to parallel increases in racial/ethnic diversity in the public health workforce. Schools and programs of public health should recruit clusters of racial/ethnic minority students using holistic application review processes, provide enrolled students with racially/ethnically diverse role models and mentors, and dedicate staffing to ensure a student-centered approach. In addition, those who mentor racially/ethnically diverse students and junior faculty should be rewarded.

AB - Objective: This study is a follow-up to an examination of the racial/ethnic composition of public health students (1996) and faculty (1997) at schools of public health that was conducted 20 years ago. We examined data on the race/ethnicity of students, graduates, and faculty among Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health (ASPPH)–member institutions during 2016-2017 and how these data have changed in the past 20 years. Methods: We obtained data on the race/ethnicity of students (in 1996 and 2016), graduates (in 1996 and 2016), and faculty (in 1997 and 2017) at ASPPH-member institutions from the ASPPH Data Center. We tabulated frequencies, percentages, and 20-year percentage-point changes by race/ethnicity. We examined data for all current ASPPH-member institutions and for comparable subcohorts of 1996 and 1997 member institutions that are current ASPPH members. Results: In graduate student enrollment, the 20-year increase in each nonwhite racial/ethnic subgroup was ≤5 percentage points. Among tenured faculty, the 20-year increase was greatest among Asians (8 percentage points) but was <3 percentage points for black, Hispanic, and Native American faculty. Conclusions: The increasing racial/ethnic diversity among students, graduates, and faculty in schools and programs of public health contributes to parallel increases in racial/ethnic diversity in the public health workforce. Schools and programs of public health should recruit clusters of racial/ethnic minority students using holistic application review processes, provide enrolled students with racially/ethnically diverse role models and mentors, and dedicate staffing to ensure a student-centered approach. In addition, those who mentor racially/ethnically diverse students and junior faculty should be rewarded.

KW - academic public health

KW - faculty diversity

KW - racial/ethnic composition

KW - racial/ethnic diversity

KW - student diversity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85075374940&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85075374940&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0033354919887747

DO - 10.1177/0033354919887747

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85075374940

JO - Public Health Reports

JF - Public Health Reports

SN - 0033-3549

ER -