Quantity, Quality, and Timing of Carbohydrate Intake and Blood Pressure

Stephanie S. Byun, Zara K. Mayat, Brooke Aggarwal, Niyati Parekh, Nour Makarem

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Purpose of Review: This review discusses recent evidence on the association of dietary carbohydrates (quantity, quality, and timing of intake) with hypertension (HTN) risk and out-of-clinic blood pressure (BP) measures. Recent Findings: Studies on carbohydrate quantity are inconclusive, but low carbohydrate diets may be associated with lower BP. Plant-based carbohydrate-containing foods such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains may lower HTN risk and 24-h BP. Excessive sugar intakes from sugar-sweetened beverages are associated with higher BP levels and HTN risk, with evidence of a dose-response relationship. Preliminary data suggest that timing of carbohydrate intake may influence HTN risk and 24-h BP. Summary: The role of carbohydrate nutrition in HTN’s etiology warrants further investigation. Additional studies are needed to investigate the influence of dietary carbohydrates on HTN risk and the circadian pattern of BP, evaluate potential sex and racial/ethnic differences in these associations, and elucidate underlying mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCurrent Nutrition Reports
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

carbohydrate intake
hypertension
blood pressure
Carbohydrates
Blood Pressure
Hypertension
Dietary Carbohydrates
dietary carbohydrate
carbohydrates
Carbohydrate-Restricted Diet
low carbohydrate diet
ethnic differences
sugars
whole grain foods
hypotension
Beverages
Vegetables
beverages
dose response
etiology

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Carbohydrate nutrition
  • Carbohydrate quality
  • Carbohydrate quantity
  • Hypertension
  • Meal timing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Quantity, Quality, and Timing of Carbohydrate Intake and Blood Pressure. / Byun, Stephanie S.; Mayat, Zara K.; Aggarwal, Brooke; Parekh, Niyati; Makarem, Nour.

In: Current Nutrition Reports, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Byun, Stephanie S. ; Mayat, Zara K. ; Aggarwal, Brooke ; Parekh, Niyati ; Makarem, Nour. / Quantity, Quality, and Timing of Carbohydrate Intake and Blood Pressure. In: Current Nutrition Reports. 2019.
@article{81b3d6e674984351a11873a9dfaa9e7c,
title = "Quantity, Quality, and Timing of Carbohydrate Intake and Blood Pressure",
abstract = "Purpose of Review: This review discusses recent evidence on the association of dietary carbohydrates (quantity, quality, and timing of intake) with hypertension (HTN) risk and out-of-clinic blood pressure (BP) measures. Recent Findings: Studies on carbohydrate quantity are inconclusive, but low carbohydrate diets may be associated with lower BP. Plant-based carbohydrate-containing foods such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains may lower HTN risk and 24-h BP. Excessive sugar intakes from sugar-sweetened beverages are associated with higher BP levels and HTN risk, with evidence of a dose-response relationship. Preliminary data suggest that timing of carbohydrate intake may influence HTN risk and 24-h BP. Summary: The role of carbohydrate nutrition in HTN’s etiology warrants further investigation. Additional studies are needed to investigate the influence of dietary carbohydrates on HTN risk and the circadian pattern of BP, evaluate potential sex and racial/ethnic differences in these associations, and elucidate underlying mechanisms.",
keywords = "Blood pressure, Carbohydrate nutrition, Carbohydrate quality, Carbohydrate quantity, Hypertension, Meal timing",
author = "Byun, {Stephanie S.} and Mayat, {Zara K.} and Brooke Aggarwal and Niyati Parekh and Nour Makarem",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s13668-019-00277-1",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Current Nutrition Reports",
issn = "2161-3311",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantity, Quality, and Timing of Carbohydrate Intake and Blood Pressure

AU - Byun, Stephanie S.

AU - Mayat, Zara K.

AU - Aggarwal, Brooke

AU - Parekh, Niyati

AU - Makarem, Nour

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Purpose of Review: This review discusses recent evidence on the association of dietary carbohydrates (quantity, quality, and timing of intake) with hypertension (HTN) risk and out-of-clinic blood pressure (BP) measures. Recent Findings: Studies on carbohydrate quantity are inconclusive, but low carbohydrate diets may be associated with lower BP. Plant-based carbohydrate-containing foods such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains may lower HTN risk and 24-h BP. Excessive sugar intakes from sugar-sweetened beverages are associated with higher BP levels and HTN risk, with evidence of a dose-response relationship. Preliminary data suggest that timing of carbohydrate intake may influence HTN risk and 24-h BP. Summary: The role of carbohydrate nutrition in HTN’s etiology warrants further investigation. Additional studies are needed to investigate the influence of dietary carbohydrates on HTN risk and the circadian pattern of BP, evaluate potential sex and racial/ethnic differences in these associations, and elucidate underlying mechanisms.

AB - Purpose of Review: This review discusses recent evidence on the association of dietary carbohydrates (quantity, quality, and timing of intake) with hypertension (HTN) risk and out-of-clinic blood pressure (BP) measures. Recent Findings: Studies on carbohydrate quantity are inconclusive, but low carbohydrate diets may be associated with lower BP. Plant-based carbohydrate-containing foods such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains may lower HTN risk and 24-h BP. Excessive sugar intakes from sugar-sweetened beverages are associated with higher BP levels and HTN risk, with evidence of a dose-response relationship. Preliminary data suggest that timing of carbohydrate intake may influence HTN risk and 24-h BP. Summary: The role of carbohydrate nutrition in HTN’s etiology warrants further investigation. Additional studies are needed to investigate the influence of dietary carbohydrates on HTN risk and the circadian pattern of BP, evaluate potential sex and racial/ethnic differences in these associations, and elucidate underlying mechanisms.

KW - Blood pressure

KW - Carbohydrate nutrition

KW - Carbohydrate quality

KW - Carbohydrate quantity

KW - Hypertension

KW - Meal timing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066601216&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85066601216&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s13668-019-00277-1

DO - 10.1007/s13668-019-00277-1

M3 - Review article

C2 - 31144268

AN - SCOPUS:85066601216

JO - Current Nutrition Reports

JF - Current Nutrition Reports

SN - 2161-3311

ER -