Public ethnic regard and perceived socioeconomic stratification

Associations with well-being among dominican and black American youth

Deborah Rivas-Drake, Diane Hughes, Niobe Way

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

As the U.S. Latino population continues to diversify, it is necessary to understand their experiences of minority status and its implications for well-being. The present cross-sectional study investigates early adolescents' perceptions of public regard for their ethnic group and perceptions of the extent to which opportunity is differentiated by their socioeconomic background (perceived socioeconomic stratification). A comparative approach is taken to examine the extent to which the experiences of Dominican American youth (n = 103) mirrored those of their Black American peers (n = 129). For all youth, more positive public ethnic regard is associated with fewer somatic symptoms, whereas more perceived socioeconomic stratification is associated with more somatic symptoms. For Black youth, in contrast to Dominican youth, lower public regard is associated with higher self-esteem among those who perceives more socioeconomic stratification. Implications for Dominican and Black American youths' experiences of minority status are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-141
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Early Adolescence
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2009

Fingerprint

well-being
minority
experience
cross-sectional study
self-esteem
ethnic group
Hispanic Americans
Ethnic Groups
Self Concept
adolescent
Cross-Sectional Studies
present
Population
Medically Unexplained Symptoms

Keywords

  • African American
  • Ethnic identity
  • Latino
  • Race
  • Social class

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

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abstract = "As the U.S. Latino population continues to diversify, it is necessary to understand their experiences of minority status and its implications for well-being. The present cross-sectional study investigates early adolescents' perceptions of public regard for their ethnic group and perceptions of the extent to which opportunity is differentiated by their socioeconomic background (perceived socioeconomic stratification). A comparative approach is taken to examine the extent to which the experiences of Dominican American youth (n = 103) mirrored those of their Black American peers (n = 129). For all youth, more positive public ethnic regard is associated with fewer somatic symptoms, whereas more perceived socioeconomic stratification is associated with more somatic symptoms. For Black youth, in contrast to Dominican youth, lower public regard is associated with higher self-esteem among those who perceives more socioeconomic stratification. Implications for Dominican and Black American youths' experiences of minority status are discussed.",
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