Psychosocial stress and 13-year BMI change among blacks: The pitt county study

Angela G. Fowler-Brown, Gary G. Bennett, Melody Goodman, Christina C. Wee, Giselle M. Corbie-Smith, Sherman A. James

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Adverse psychosocial exposures may partially drive the high rates of obesity among blacks. The objective of this study was to prospectively examine the relationship between perceived psychosocial stress and percent change in BMI among adult black men and women. We used data from 756 women and 416 men who were participants in the Pitt County Study, a community-based, prospective cohort study of blacks in eastern North Carolina. Participants were aged 25-50 years of age on entry into the study in 1988 and follow-up was obtained in 2001. Using multivariable linear regression, we calculated the adjusted mean percentage change in BMI over the follow-up period for each tertile of baseline measures of the Perceived Stress Scale (low, medium, and high), adjusted for potential confounders. For black women, higher levels of psychosocial stress at baseline predicted higher adjusted percentage increase in BMI over the 13-year follow-up: low stress 12.0% (95% CI 9.6-14.4), medium stress 16.3% (95% CI 13.7-18.9), and high stress 15.5% (95% CI 13.1-17.8). For black men, perceived stress was not associated with percent BMI change. These data suggest that interventions targeting obesity in black women should consider the potential impact of emotional stress on weight change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2106-2109
Number of pages4
JournalObesity
Volume17
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

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Obesity
Psychological Stress
Linear Models
Cohort Studies
Prospective Studies
Weights and Measures
Drive

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Fowler-Brown, A. G., Bennett, G. G., Goodman, M., Wee, C. C., Corbie-Smith, G. M., & James, S. A. (2009). Psychosocial stress and 13-year BMI change among blacks: The pitt county study. Obesity, 17(11), 2106-2109. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2009.130

Psychosocial stress and 13-year BMI change among blacks : The pitt county study. / Fowler-Brown, Angela G.; Bennett, Gary G.; Goodman, Melody; Wee, Christina C.; Corbie-Smith, Giselle M.; James, Sherman A.

In: Obesity, Vol. 17, No. 11, 11.2009, p. 2106-2109.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fowler-Brown, AG, Bennett, GG, Goodman, M, Wee, CC, Corbie-Smith, GM & James, SA 2009, 'Psychosocial stress and 13-year BMI change among blacks: The pitt county study', Obesity, vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 2106-2109. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2009.130
Fowler-Brown AG, Bennett GG, Goodman M, Wee CC, Corbie-Smith GM, James SA. Psychosocial stress and 13-year BMI change among blacks: The pitt county study. Obesity. 2009 Nov;17(11):2106-2109. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2009.130
Fowler-Brown, Angela G. ; Bennett, Gary G. ; Goodman, Melody ; Wee, Christina C. ; Corbie-Smith, Giselle M. ; James, Sherman A. / Psychosocial stress and 13-year BMI change among blacks : The pitt county study. In: Obesity. 2009 ; Vol. 17, No. 11. pp. 2106-2109.
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