Psychometric properties of the ces-d among black adolescents in public housing

Wenhua Lu, Michael Lindsey, Sireen Irsheid, Von Eugene Nebbitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) has not been fully validated as a depression screening scale among Black adolescents. This study examines the psychometric properties of the CES-D as applied to Black adolescents, seeking to understand the unique way in which Black adolescents express their depression symptoms. Method: We hypothesized that the expression and factor structure of depressive symptoms measured by CES-D would be different when applied to Black adolescents. Black adolescents (N = 782) ages 11–21 were recruited from 9 urban public housing developments in 4 large U.S. cities. Confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) were used to compare the fit of competing models. Convergent validity of the CES-D was examined via associations with gender, age, and suicidal ideation in the ESEM model. Results: Instead of the original 4-factor structure of the CES-D, a 2-factor ESEM model demonstrated satisfactory fit to our data (CFI = 0.95, TLI = 0.93, RMSEA = 0.04). Compared with females, Black males were less likely to endorse positive affect items of the CES-D (r = -0.13, p < 0.01). Conclusions: Conceptualizations of depression among Black adolescents may differ from any other populations previously studied. Clinicians should assess the unique expression of depression among Black youth when developing treatment plans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)595-619
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of the Society for Social Work and Research
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Fingerprint

public housing
psychometrics
adolescent
housing development
factor analysis

Keywords

  • Adolescent depression
  • Black adolescents
  • CES-D
  • Psychometric properties
  • Public housing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Psychometric properties of the ces-d among black adolescents in public housing. / Lu, Wenhua; Lindsey, Michael; Irsheid, Sireen; Nebbitt, Von Eugene.

In: Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research, Vol. 8, No. 4, 01.12.2017, p. 595-619.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{20817664175a4dca986e721a3aae2363,
title = "Psychometric properties of the ces-d among black adolescents in public housing",
abstract = "Objective: The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) has not been fully validated as a depression screening scale among Black adolescents. This study examines the psychometric properties of the CES-D as applied to Black adolescents, seeking to understand the unique way in which Black adolescents express their depression symptoms. Method: We hypothesized that the expression and factor structure of depressive symptoms measured by CES-D would be different when applied to Black adolescents. Black adolescents (N = 782) ages 11–21 were recruited from 9 urban public housing developments in 4 large U.S. cities. Confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) were used to compare the fit of competing models. Convergent validity of the CES-D was examined via associations with gender, age, and suicidal ideation in the ESEM model. Results: Instead of the original 4-factor structure of the CES-D, a 2-factor ESEM model demonstrated satisfactory fit to our data (CFI = 0.95, TLI = 0.93, RMSEA = 0.04). Compared with females, Black males were less likely to endorse positive affect items of the CES-D (r = -0.13, p < 0.01). Conclusions: Conceptualizations of depression among Black adolescents may differ from any other populations previously studied. Clinicians should assess the unique expression of depression among Black youth when developing treatment plans.",
keywords = "Adolescent depression, Black adolescents, CES-D, Psychometric properties, Public housing",
author = "Wenhua Lu and Michael Lindsey and Sireen Irsheid and Nebbitt, {Von Eugene}",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1086/694791",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "595--619",
journal = "Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research",
issn = "2334-2315",
publisher = "University of Chicago Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychometric properties of the ces-d among black adolescents in public housing

AU - Lu, Wenhua

AU - Lindsey, Michael

AU - Irsheid, Sireen

AU - Nebbitt, Von Eugene

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - Objective: The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) has not been fully validated as a depression screening scale among Black adolescents. This study examines the psychometric properties of the CES-D as applied to Black adolescents, seeking to understand the unique way in which Black adolescents express their depression symptoms. Method: We hypothesized that the expression and factor structure of depressive symptoms measured by CES-D would be different when applied to Black adolescents. Black adolescents (N = 782) ages 11–21 were recruited from 9 urban public housing developments in 4 large U.S. cities. Confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) were used to compare the fit of competing models. Convergent validity of the CES-D was examined via associations with gender, age, and suicidal ideation in the ESEM model. Results: Instead of the original 4-factor structure of the CES-D, a 2-factor ESEM model demonstrated satisfactory fit to our data (CFI = 0.95, TLI = 0.93, RMSEA = 0.04). Compared with females, Black males were less likely to endorse positive affect items of the CES-D (r = -0.13, p < 0.01). Conclusions: Conceptualizations of depression among Black adolescents may differ from any other populations previously studied. Clinicians should assess the unique expression of depression among Black youth when developing treatment plans.

AB - Objective: The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) has not been fully validated as a depression screening scale among Black adolescents. This study examines the psychometric properties of the CES-D as applied to Black adolescents, seeking to understand the unique way in which Black adolescents express their depression symptoms. Method: We hypothesized that the expression and factor structure of depressive symptoms measured by CES-D would be different when applied to Black adolescents. Black adolescents (N = 782) ages 11–21 were recruited from 9 urban public housing developments in 4 large U.S. cities. Confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) were used to compare the fit of competing models. Convergent validity of the CES-D was examined via associations with gender, age, and suicidal ideation in the ESEM model. Results: Instead of the original 4-factor structure of the CES-D, a 2-factor ESEM model demonstrated satisfactory fit to our data (CFI = 0.95, TLI = 0.93, RMSEA = 0.04). Compared with females, Black males were less likely to endorse positive affect items of the CES-D (r = -0.13, p < 0.01). Conclusions: Conceptualizations of depression among Black adolescents may differ from any other populations previously studied. Clinicians should assess the unique expression of depression among Black youth when developing treatment plans.

KW - Adolescent depression

KW - Black adolescents

KW - CES-D

KW - Psychometric properties

KW - Public housing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85044084478&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85044084478&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1086/694791

DO - 10.1086/694791

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85044084478

VL - 8

SP - 595

EP - 619

JO - Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research

JF - Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research

SN - 2334-2315

IS - 4

ER -