Psychometric Evaluation of a Brief Depression Measure for Justice-Involved Youths: A Multigroup Comparison

Richard Dembo, Jessica Faber, Jennifer Cristiano, Ralph DiClemente, Julie M. Krupa, Jennifer Wareham, Asha Terminello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) is a widely used screening tool for depression among adults and children. However, the validity of the CES-D has yet to be established among justice-involved youths, a population known to have higher levels of depressive symptoms in comparison to samples of community adolescents. The current study examines the psychometric characteristics of the eight-item version of the CES-D among newly arrested youths. Data were obtained through a local health coach service project, designed to provide linkage to treatment for justice-involved youths who are drug involved, test positive for HIV or other STDs, or have high levels of depressive symptoms. A multigroup, confirmatory factor analysis of the depression symptoms for subgroups defined by gender/race self-identification was conducted to assess the psychometric characteristics of the CES-D among these newly arrested youths. Results produced statistical evidence in support of one factor in the eight-item depression data and a similar factor structure across the various gender/racial groups. Criterion-related validity of the depression factor was also explored. Findings support the usefulness of the eight-item CES-D for use among gender-diverse and ethnically diverse youths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-155
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 4 2018

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Social Justice
Psychometrics
psychometrics
justice
Depression
evaluation
Epidemiologic Studies
gender
coach
factor analysis
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Statistical Factor Analysis
Health Services
adolescent
drug
HIV
health

Keywords

  • depression
  • health services for youths
  • juvenile justice
  • juvenile justice entry health services

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Psychology(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Psychometric Evaluation of a Brief Depression Measure for Justice-Involved Youths : A Multigroup Comparison. / Dembo, Richard; Faber, Jessica; Cristiano, Jennifer; DiClemente, Ralph; Krupa, Julie M.; Wareham, Jennifer; Terminello, Asha.

In: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse, Vol. 27, No. 3, 04.05.2018, p. 146-155.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dembo, Richard ; Faber, Jessica ; Cristiano, Jennifer ; DiClemente, Ralph ; Krupa, Julie M. ; Wareham, Jennifer ; Terminello, Asha. / Psychometric Evaluation of a Brief Depression Measure for Justice-Involved Youths : A Multigroup Comparison. In: Journal of Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse. 2018 ; Vol. 27, No. 3. pp. 146-155.
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