Psychological Defensiveness as a Mechanism Explaining the Relationship Between Low Socioeconomic Status and Religiosity

Mark J. Brandt, Pj Henry

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    People who are low in socioeconomic status (SES) are more likely to be religious than their higher status counterparts; however, little research has tested the mechanisms for this relationship. Using data from 90 diverse societies and multilevel path analysis, we replicated findings that individuals low in SES are more religious and furthermore found that in wealthy countries this relationship was mediated by a measure of psychological defensiveness even while controlling for participants' sense of financial insecurities. These results suggest that religious belief may play a psychologically protective role for low SES individuals, independent of realistic economic concerns.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)321-332
    Number of pages12
    JournalInternational Journal for the Psychology of Religion
    Volume22
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Oct 1 2012

    Fingerprint

    Social Class
    Psychology
    Multilevel Analysis
    Religion
    Economics
    Research
    Psychological
    Socioeconomic Status
    Religiosity
    Path Analysis
    Religious Beliefs

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Religious studies
    • Psychology(all)

    Cite this

    Psychological Defensiveness as a Mechanism Explaining the Relationship Between Low Socioeconomic Status and Religiosity. / Brandt, Mark J.; Henry, Pj.

    In: International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, Vol. 22, No. 4, 01.10.2012, p. 321-332.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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