Psychiatric Comorbidities among People Who Inject Drugs in Hai Phong, Vietnam: The Need for Screening and Innovative Interventions

Khue Pham Minh, Roselyne Vallo, Huong Duong Thi, Oanh Khuat Thi Hai, Don Des Jarlais, Marianne Peries, Sao Mai Le, Delphine Rapoud, Catherine Quillet, Tuyet Thanh Nham Thi, Giang Hoang Thi, Jonathan Feelemyer, Vinh Vu Hai, Jean Pierre Moles, Xanh Pham Thu, Didier Laureillard, Nicolas Nagot, Laurent Michel, Drive Study Team

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objective of this study is to describe psychiatric comorbidities, associated factors, and access to psychiatric assessment and care in a cohort of people who inject drugs (PWID) in Hai Phong, Vietnam. Mental health was assessed after 12 months' follow-up using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview questionnaire (MINI 5.0.0). PWID medical history, drug use, and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were also collected. Among 188 PWID who participated in the assessment, 48 (25.5%) had at least one psychiatric disorder and 19 (10.1%) had 2 or more psychiatric disorders. The most common current psychiatric disorders were major depressive episode (12.2%) and psychotic disorder (4.8%), reaching 10.1%for the latter when lifetime prevalence was considered. Females were more likely than males to have at least one psychiatric disorder, a major depressive disorder, or an anxiety disorder. Methamphetamine use was associated with an increased risk of presenting a lifetime psychotic syndrome. Problematic alcohol consumption was associated with an increased risk of having at least one psychiatric disorder. Psychiatric comorbidities are frequent among PWID in Vietnam. These results highlight the need for routine assessment and innovative interventions to address mental health needs among PWID. Community-based interventions targeting mental health prevention and care should be strongly supported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8346195
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2018
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

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Vietnam
Psychiatry
Comorbidity
Screening
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Mental Health
Major Depressive Disorder
Health
Needs Assessment
Methamphetamine
Anxiety Disorders
Alcohol Drinking
Psychotic Disorders
Alcohols
Interviews
Delivery of Health Care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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Psychiatric Comorbidities among People Who Inject Drugs in Hai Phong, Vietnam : The Need for Screening and Innovative Interventions. / Pham Minh, Khue; Vallo, Roselyne; Duong Thi, Huong; Khuat Thi Hai, Oanh; Des Jarlais, Don; Peries, Marianne; Le, Sao Mai; Rapoud, Delphine; Quillet, Catherine; Nham Thi, Tuyet Thanh; Hoang Thi, Giang; Feelemyer, Jonathan; Vu Hai, Vinh; Moles, Jean Pierre; Pham Thu, Xanh; Laureillard, Didier; Nagot, Nicolas; Michel, Laurent; Study Team, Drive.

In: BioMed Research International, Vol. 2018, 8346195, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pham Minh, K, Vallo, R, Duong Thi, H, Khuat Thi Hai, O, Des Jarlais, D, Peries, M, Le, SM, Rapoud, D, Quillet, C, Nham Thi, TT, Hoang Thi, G, Feelemyer, J, Vu Hai, V, Moles, JP, Pham Thu, X, Laureillard, D, Nagot, N, Michel, L & Study Team, D 2018, 'Psychiatric Comorbidities among People Who Inject Drugs in Hai Phong, Vietnam: The Need for Screening and Innovative Interventions', BioMed Research International, vol. 2018, 8346195. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/8346195
Pham Minh, Khue ; Vallo, Roselyne ; Duong Thi, Huong ; Khuat Thi Hai, Oanh ; Des Jarlais, Don ; Peries, Marianne ; Le, Sao Mai ; Rapoud, Delphine ; Quillet, Catherine ; Nham Thi, Tuyet Thanh ; Hoang Thi, Giang ; Feelemyer, Jonathan ; Vu Hai, Vinh ; Moles, Jean Pierre ; Pham Thu, Xanh ; Laureillard, Didier ; Nagot, Nicolas ; Michel, Laurent ; Study Team, Drive. / Psychiatric Comorbidities among People Who Inject Drugs in Hai Phong, Vietnam : The Need for Screening and Innovative Interventions. In: BioMed Research International. 2018 ; Vol. 2018.
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