PSR J2021+3651

A young radio pulsar coincident with an unidentified egret γ-ray source

Mallory Roberts, Jason W.T. Hessels, Scott M. Ransom, Victoria M. Kaspi, Paulo C.C. Freire, Fronefield Crawford, Duncan R. Lorimer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We report on a deep search for radio pulsations toward five unidentified ASCA X-ray sources coincident with EGRET γ-ray sources. This search has led to the discovery of a young and energetic pulsar using data obtained with the new Wideband Arecibo Pulsar Processor. PSR J2021+3651 is likely associated with the X-ray source AX J2021.1+3651, which in turn is likely associated with the COS B high-energy γ-ray source 2CG 075+00, also known as GeV J2020+3658 or 3EG J2021+3716. PSR J2021+3651 has a rotation period of P ∼ 104 ms and P ̇ ∼ 9.6 × 10-14, implying a characteristic age of τ c ∼ 17 kyr and a spin-down luminosity of Ė ∼ 3.4 × 1036 ergs s-1. The dispersion measure DM ∼ 371 pc cm-3 is by far the highest of any observed pulsar in the Galactic longitude range 55° < l < 80°. This DM suggests a distance d ≳ 10 kpc and a high γ-ray efficiency of ∼15%, but the true distance may be closer if there is a significant contribution to the DM from excess gas in the Cygnus region. The implied luminosity of the associated X-ray source suggests the X-ray emission is dominated by a pulsar wind nebula unresolved by ASCA.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume577
    Issue number1 II
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 20 2002

    Fingerprint

    pulsars
    rays
    radio
    x rays
    luminosity
    erg
    longitude
    nebulae
    energetics
    central processing units
    young
    broadband
    gas
    energy
    gases

    Keywords

    • Gamma rays: observations
    • Pulsars: general
    • Stars: neutron

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Space and Planetary Science

    Cite this

    Roberts, M., Hessels, J. W. T., Ransom, S. M., Kaspi, V. M., Freire, P. C. C., Crawford, F., & Lorimer, D. R. (2002). PSR J2021+3651: A young radio pulsar coincident with an unidentified egret γ-ray source. Astrophysical Journal, 577(1 II). https://doi.org/10.1086/344082

    PSR J2021+3651 : A young radio pulsar coincident with an unidentified egret γ-ray source. / Roberts, Mallory; Hessels, Jason W.T.; Ransom, Scott M.; Kaspi, Victoria M.; Freire, Paulo C.C.; Crawford, Fronefield; Lorimer, Duncan R.

    In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 577, No. 1 II, 20.09.2002.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Roberts, M, Hessels, JWT, Ransom, SM, Kaspi, VM, Freire, PCC, Crawford, F & Lorimer, DR 2002, 'PSR J2021+3651: A young radio pulsar coincident with an unidentified egret γ-ray source', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 577, no. 1 II. https://doi.org/10.1086/344082
    Roberts M, Hessels JWT, Ransom SM, Kaspi VM, Freire PCC, Crawford F et al. PSR J2021+3651: A young radio pulsar coincident with an unidentified egret γ-ray source. Astrophysical Journal. 2002 Sep 20;577(1 II). https://doi.org/10.1086/344082
    Roberts, Mallory ; Hessels, Jason W.T. ; Ransom, Scott M. ; Kaspi, Victoria M. ; Freire, Paulo C.C. ; Crawford, Fronefield ; Lorimer, Duncan R. / PSR J2021+3651 : A young radio pulsar coincident with an unidentified egret γ-ray source. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2002 ; Vol. 577, No. 1 II.
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    AU - Hessels, Jason W.T.

    AU - Ransom, Scott M.

    AU - Kaspi, Victoria M.

    AU - Freire, Paulo C.C.

    AU - Crawford, Fronefield

    AU - Lorimer, Duncan R.

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