Productivity growth, import leakage and employment growth in Puerto Rico, 1967-87

A. L. Ruiz, E. N. Wolff

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    Abstract

    Using Puerto Rican input-output data that cover the period 1967-87, we find that employment growth was led primarily by a rapid increase in final output - 5.1% per yr - although labor productivity growth was also substantial, at 3.7% per yr. Import leakages also fell over this period, but had little impact on employment growth. Employment generated by local absorption grew by 35% and that from exports by 29%, even though exports increased almost four-fold, while local absorption only doubled. The difference reflects the greater labor intensity of industries that supply local absorption. There was also a notable shift in the occupational structure toward white-collar employment and away from blue-collar jobs.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)391-413
    Number of pages23
    JournalEconomic Systems Research
    Volume8
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - Dec 1 1996

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    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Economics and Econometrics

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