Production and consumption in an early complex society

Animal use in Middle Saxon East Anglia

Pam Crabtree

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    This paper examines the relationships between urban consumers and rural producers of animal products during the period when the earliest post-Roman urban sites first appear in eastern England. The mammal and bird faunas from a Middle Saxon emporium (Ipswich), two Middle Saxon rural sites (Brandon and Wicken Bonhunt) and an Early Anglo-Saxon village (West Stow) are examined in order to determine how early urban sites were supplied with animal products and the effect that this early urban growth had on systems of rural animal production. The data indicate that the urban emporium of Ipswich was provisioned with meat from a limited range of domestic animal species. Contemporary rural sites show evidence for increasing specialization in some aspects of animal production - pork production at Wicken Bonhunt and wool production at Brandon - when compared with the faunal remains from the Early Saxon village of West Stow. The data suggest that there is a integral relationship between the development of the emporia as centres of craft production and trade and the appearance of increasing specialization in certain animal products at rural sites.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)58-75
    Number of pages18
    JournalWorld Archaeology
    Volume28
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Jun 1996

    Fingerprint

    animal product
    Middle East
    animal
    urban site
    craft production
    village
    wool
    urban growth
    meat
    specialization
    mammal
    fauna
    bird
    consumption
    society
    Society
    East Anglia
    Saxons
    Complex Societies
    Animal Use

    Keywords

    • Anglo-Saxon England
    • Emporia
    • Urbanism
    • Zooarchaeology

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
    • Archaeology

    Cite this

    Production and consumption in an early complex society : Animal use in Middle Saxon East Anglia. / Crabtree, Pam.

    In: World Archaeology, Vol. 28, No. 1, 06.1996, p. 58-75.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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