Processes and patterns of oceanic nutrient limitation

C. M. Moore, M. M. Mills, K. R. Arrigo, I. Berman-Frank, L. Bopp, P. W. Boyd, E. D. Galbraith, R. J. Geider, Cecile Guieu, S. L. Jaccard, T. D. Jickells, J. La Roche, T. M. Lenton, N. M. Mahowald, E. Marañón, I. Marinov, J. K. Moore, T. Nakatsuka, A. Oschlies, M. A. Saito & 3 others T. F. Thingstad, A. Tsuda, O. Ulloa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Microbial activity is a fundamental component of oceanic nutrient cycles. Photosynthetic microbes, collectively termed phytoplankton, are responsible for the vast majority of primary production in marine waters. The availability of nutrients in the upper ocean frequently limits the activity and abundance of these organisms. Experimental data have revealed two broad regimes of phytoplankton nutrient limitation in the modern upper ocean. Nitrogen availability tends to limit productivity throughout much of the surface low-latitude ocean, where the supply of nutrients from the subsurface is relatively slow. In contrast, iron often limits productivity where subsurface nutrient supply is enhanced, including within the main oceanic upwelling regions of the Southern Ocean and the eastern equatorial Pacific. Phosphorus, vitamins and micronutrients other than iron may also (co-)limit marine phytoplankton. The spatial patterns and importance of co-limitation, however, remain unclear. Variability in the stoichiometries of nutrient supply and biological demand are key determinants of oceanic nutrient limitation. Deciphering the mechanisms that underpin this variability, and the consequences for marine microbes, will be a challenge. But such knowledge will be crucial for accurately predicting the consequences of ongoing anthropogenic perturbations to oceanic nutrient biogeochemistry.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)701-710
Number of pages10
JournalNature Geoscience
Volume6
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013

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nutrient limitation
nutrient
phytoplankton
upper ocean
iron
productivity
ocean
biogeochemistry
stoichiometry
vitamin
microbial activity
primary production
upwelling
perturbation
trace element
phosphorus
nitrogen
water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Moore, C. M., Mills, M. M., Arrigo, K. R., Berman-Frank, I., Bopp, L., Boyd, P. W., ... Ulloa, O. (2013). Processes and patterns of oceanic nutrient limitation. Nature Geoscience, 6(9), 701-710. https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1765

Processes and patterns of oceanic nutrient limitation. / Moore, C. M.; Mills, M. M.; Arrigo, K. R.; Berman-Frank, I.; Bopp, L.; Boyd, P. W.; Galbraith, E. D.; Geider, R. J.; Guieu, Cecile; Jaccard, S. L.; Jickells, T. D.; La Roche, J.; Lenton, T. M.; Mahowald, N. M.; Marañón, E.; Marinov, I.; Moore, J. K.; Nakatsuka, T.; Oschlies, A.; Saito, M. A.; Thingstad, T. F.; Tsuda, A.; Ulloa, O.

In: Nature Geoscience, Vol. 6, No. 9, 01.09.2013, p. 701-710.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Moore, CM, Mills, MM, Arrigo, KR, Berman-Frank, I, Bopp, L, Boyd, PW, Galbraith, ED, Geider, RJ, Guieu, C, Jaccard, SL, Jickells, TD, La Roche, J, Lenton, TM, Mahowald, NM, Marañón, E, Marinov, I, Moore, JK, Nakatsuka, T, Oschlies, A, Saito, MA, Thingstad, TF, Tsuda, A & Ulloa, O 2013, 'Processes and patterns of oceanic nutrient limitation', Nature Geoscience, vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 701-710. https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1765
Moore CM, Mills MM, Arrigo KR, Berman-Frank I, Bopp L, Boyd PW et al. Processes and patterns of oceanic nutrient limitation. Nature Geoscience. 2013 Sep 1;6(9):701-710. https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo1765
Moore, C. M. ; Mills, M. M. ; Arrigo, K. R. ; Berman-Frank, I. ; Bopp, L. ; Boyd, P. W. ; Galbraith, E. D. ; Geider, R. J. ; Guieu, Cecile ; Jaccard, S. L. ; Jickells, T. D. ; La Roche, J. ; Lenton, T. M. ; Mahowald, N. M. ; Marañón, E. ; Marinov, I. ; Moore, J. K. ; Nakatsuka, T. ; Oschlies, A. ; Saito, M. A. ; Thingstad, T. F. ; Tsuda, A. ; Ulloa, O. / Processes and patterns of oceanic nutrient limitation. In: Nature Geoscience. 2013 ; Vol. 6, No. 9. pp. 701-710.
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