PRIMUS

Enhanced specific star formation rates in close galaxy pairs

Kenneth C. Wong, Michael R. Blanton, Scott M. Burles, Alison L. Coil, Richard J. Cool, Daniel J. Eisenstein, John Moustakas, Guangtun Zhu, Stéphane Arnouts

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Tidal interactions between galaxies can trigger star formation, which contributes to the global star formation rate (SFR) density of the universe and could be a factor in the transformation of blue, star-forming galaxies to red, quiescent galaxies over cosmic time. We investigate tidally triggered star formation in isolated close galaxy pairs drawn from the Prism Multi-Object Survey (PRIMUS), a low-dispersion prism redshift survey that has measured ∼ 120,000 robust galaxy redshifts over 9.1 deg2 out to z ∼ 1. We select a sample of galaxies in isolated galaxy pairs at redshifts 0.25 ≤ z ≤ 0.75, with no other objects within a projected separation of 300 h -1 kpc and Δz/(1 + z) = 0.01, and compare them to a control sample of isolated galaxies to test for systematic differences in their restframe FUV - r and NUV - r colors as a proxy for relative specific star formation rates (SSFRs). We find that galaxies in rp ≤ 50 h -1 kpc pairs have bluer dust-corrected UV - r colors on average than the control galaxies by -0.134 ±0.045 mag in FUV - r and -0.075 ±0.038 mag in NUV -r, corresponding to an ∼15%-20% increase in SSFR. This indicates an enhancement in SSFR due to tidal interactions. We also find that this relative enhancement is greater for a subset of rp ≤ 30h-1 kpc pair galaxies, for which the average color offsets are -0.193 ± 0.065 mag in FUV - r and -0.159 ± 0.048 mag in NUV - r, corresponding to an ∼25%-30% increase in SSFR. We test for evolution in the enhancement of tidally triggered star formation with redshift across our sample redshift range and find marginal evidence for a decrease in SSFR enhancement from 0.25 ≤ z ≤ 0.5 to 0.5 ≤ z ≤ 0.75. This indicates that a change in enhanced star formation triggered by tidal interactions in low-density environments is not a contributor to the decline in the global SFR density across this redshift range.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalAstrophysical Journal
    Volume728
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 20 2011

    Fingerprint

    star formation rate
    prisms
    galaxies
    star formation
    augmentation
    color
    rate
    blue stars
    interactions
    dust
    set theory
    universe
    actuators

    Keywords

    • Galaxies
    • Interactions

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Space and Planetary Science
    • Astronomy and Astrophysics

    Cite this

    Wong, K. C., Blanton, M. R., Burles, S. M., Coil, A. L., Cool, R. J., Eisenstein, D. J., ... Arnouts, S. (2011). PRIMUS: Enhanced specific star formation rates in close galaxy pairs. Astrophysical Journal, 728(2). https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/728/2/119

    PRIMUS : Enhanced specific star formation rates in close galaxy pairs. / Wong, Kenneth C.; Blanton, Michael R.; Burles, Scott M.; Coil, Alison L.; Cool, Richard J.; Eisenstein, Daniel J.; Moustakas, John; Zhu, Guangtun; Arnouts, Stéphane.

    In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 728, No. 2, 20.02.2011.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Wong, KC, Blanton, MR, Burles, SM, Coil, AL, Cool, RJ, Eisenstein, DJ, Moustakas, J, Zhu, G & Arnouts, S 2011, 'PRIMUS: Enhanced specific star formation rates in close galaxy pairs', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 728, no. 2. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/728/2/119
    Wong KC, Blanton MR, Burles SM, Coil AL, Cool RJ, Eisenstein DJ et al. PRIMUS: Enhanced specific star formation rates in close galaxy pairs. Astrophysical Journal. 2011 Feb 20;728(2). https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/728/2/119
    Wong, Kenneth C. ; Blanton, Michael R. ; Burles, Scott M. ; Coil, Alison L. ; Cool, Richard J. ; Eisenstein, Daniel J. ; Moustakas, John ; Zhu, Guangtun ; Arnouts, Stéphane. / PRIMUS : Enhanced specific star formation rates in close galaxy pairs. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2011 ; Vol. 728, No. 2.
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    abstract = "Tidal interactions between galaxies can trigger star formation, which contributes to the global star formation rate (SFR) density of the universe and could be a factor in the transformation of blue, star-forming galaxies to red, quiescent galaxies over cosmic time. We investigate tidally triggered star formation in isolated close galaxy pairs drawn from the Prism Multi-Object Survey (PRIMUS), a low-dispersion prism redshift survey that has measured ∼ 120,000 robust galaxy redshifts over 9.1 deg2 out to z ∼ 1. We select a sample of galaxies in isolated galaxy pairs at redshifts 0.25 ≤ z ≤ 0.75, with no other objects within a projected separation of 300 h -1 kpc and Δz/(1 + z) = 0.01, and compare them to a control sample of isolated galaxies to test for systematic differences in their restframe FUV - r and NUV - r colors as a proxy for relative specific star formation rates (SSFRs). We find that galaxies in rp ≤ 50 h -1 kpc pairs have bluer dust-corrected UV - r colors on average than the control galaxies by -0.134 ±0.045 mag in FUV - r and -0.075 ±0.038 mag in NUV -r, corresponding to an ∼15{\%}-20{\%} increase in SSFR. This indicates an enhancement in SSFR due to tidal interactions. We also find that this relative enhancement is greater for a subset of rp ≤ 30h-1 kpc pair galaxies, for which the average color offsets are -0.193 ± 0.065 mag in FUV - r and -0.159 ± 0.048 mag in NUV - r, corresponding to an ∼25{\%}-30{\%} increase in SSFR. We test for evolution in the enhancement of tidally triggered star formation with redshift across our sample redshift range and find marginal evidence for a decrease in SSFR enhancement from 0.25 ≤ z ≤ 0.5 to 0.5 ≤ z ≤ 0.75. This indicates that a change in enhanced star formation triggered by tidal interactions in low-density environments is not a contributor to the decline in the global SFR density across this redshift range.",
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    AU - Burles, Scott M.

    AU - Coil, Alison L.

    AU - Cool, Richard J.

    AU - Eisenstein, Daniel J.

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