Primary care, social inequalities, and all-cause, heart disease, and cancer mortality in US counties, 1990

Leiyu Shi, James Macinko, Barbara Starfield, Robert Politzer, John Wulu, Jiahong Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives. We tested the association between the availability of primary care and income inequality on several categories of mortality in US counties. Methods. We used cross-sectional analysis of data from counties (n = 3081) in 1990, including analysis of variance and multivariate ordinary least squares regression. Independent variables included primary care resources, income inequality, and sociodemographics. Results. Counties with higher availability of primary care resources experienced between 2% and 3% lower mortality than counties with less primary care. Counties with high income inequality experienced between 11% and 13% higher mortality than counties with less inequality. Conclusions. Primary care resources may partially moderate the effects of income inequality on health outcomes at the county level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)674-680
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Volume95
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2005

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Heart Neoplasms
Heart Diseases
Primary Health Care
Mortality
Least-Squares Analysis
Analysis of Variance
Cross-Sectional Studies
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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Primary care, social inequalities, and all-cause, heart disease, and cancer mortality in US counties, 1990. / Shi, Leiyu; Macinko, James; Starfield, Barbara; Politzer, Robert; Wulu, John; Xu, Jiahong.

In: American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 95, No. 4, 04.2005, p. 674-680.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shi, Leiyu ; Macinko, James ; Starfield, Barbara ; Politzer, Robert ; Wulu, John ; Xu, Jiahong. / Primary care, social inequalities, and all-cause, heart disease, and cancer mortality in US counties, 1990. In: American Journal of Public Health. 2005 ; Vol. 95, No. 4. pp. 674-680.
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