Preventing HIV/AIDS Among Adolescents: Schools as Agents of Behavior Change

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although adolescents currently account for less than 1% of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) cases in the United States, recent data indicate that the rate of adolescent AIDS cases has increased markedly,1 especially among African-American adolescents.2 Moreover, given the long latency period between infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and clinical symptoms, reliance on AIDS case surveillance data severely underestimates the serious health threat to adolescents posed by the AIDS epidemic. More relevant indices, such as HIV seroprevalence in selected adolescent populations2 and the high prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases and sexual risk behaviors,3,4 emphasize the need for the urgent development and implementation of programs that effectively reduce HIV-related risk behaviors, particularly unprotected sexual intercourse. See also p 725. Although sexual abstinence is the most effective method to prevent transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases, many adolescents are sexually active, with the age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)760-762
Number of pages3
JournalJAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association
Volume270
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 11 1993

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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Risk-Taking
Sexual Abstinence
Program Development
Coitus
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Sexual Behavior
African Americans
Health
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Preventing HIV/AIDS Among Adolescents : Schools as Agents of Behavior Change. / DiClemente, Ralph.

In: JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 270, No. 6, 11.08.1993, p. 760-762.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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