Prevalence of hepatitis A among drug users in north-eastern Italy: Is vaccination necessary in low prevalence areas?

Fabio Lugoboni, Gianluca Quaglio, Benedetta Pajusco, Maurizio Foroni, Gianstefano Blengio, Giorgio Talamini, Paolo Mezzelani, Don Des Jarlais

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The authors report on the prevalence of, and risk factors for, hepatitis A virus (HAV) in a group of drug users in Italy. Methods: 404 heroin users were recruited and compared with a control group of 107 subjects in the general population. Results: Drug users born in north-eastern Italy have a prevalence of anti-HAV similar to the control group. A much higher prevalence was found in drug users born in southern Italy. Conclusion: The similar prevalence of anti-HAV in drug users born in north-eastern Italy and in the general population, suggests that their lifestyle does not involve a substantial additional risk of HAV. The much higher prevalence found in drug users born in southern Italy is more likely to be related to infection during infancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)464-466
Number of pages3
JournalEuropean Journal of Public Health
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005

Fingerprint

Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A virus
Drug Users
Italy
Vaccination
Control Groups
Heroin
Population
Life Style
Infection

Keywords

  • HAV infection
  • HAV vaccination
  • Heroin users

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Prevalence of hepatitis A among drug users in north-eastern Italy : Is vaccination necessary in low prevalence areas? / Lugoboni, Fabio; Quaglio, Gianluca; Pajusco, Benedetta; Foroni, Maurizio; Blengio, Gianstefano; Talamini, Giorgio; Mezzelani, Paolo; Des Jarlais, Don.

In: European Journal of Public Health, Vol. 15, No. 5, 01.10.2005, p. 464-466.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lugoboni, Fabio ; Quaglio, Gianluca ; Pajusco, Benedetta ; Foroni, Maurizio ; Blengio, Gianstefano ; Talamini, Giorgio ; Mezzelani, Paolo ; Des Jarlais, Don. / Prevalence of hepatitis A among drug users in north-eastern Italy : Is vaccination necessary in low prevalence areas?. In: European Journal of Public Health. 2005 ; Vol. 15, No. 5. pp. 464-466.
@article{33173daa49f6446289c571d306b96c16,
title = "Prevalence of hepatitis A among drug users in north-eastern Italy: Is vaccination necessary in low prevalence areas?",
abstract = "Background: The authors report on the prevalence of, and risk factors for, hepatitis A virus (HAV) in a group of drug users in Italy. Methods: 404 heroin users were recruited and compared with a control group of 107 subjects in the general population. Results: Drug users born in north-eastern Italy have a prevalence of anti-HAV similar to the control group. A much higher prevalence was found in drug users born in southern Italy. Conclusion: The similar prevalence of anti-HAV in drug users born in north-eastern Italy and in the general population, suggests that their lifestyle does not involve a substantial additional risk of HAV. The much higher prevalence found in drug users born in southern Italy is more likely to be related to infection during infancy.",
keywords = "HAV infection, HAV vaccination, Heroin users",
author = "Fabio Lugoboni and Gianluca Quaglio and Benedetta Pajusco and Maurizio Foroni and Gianstefano Blengio and Giorgio Talamini and Paolo Mezzelani and {Des Jarlais}, Don",
year = "2005",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/eurpub/cki145",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "15",
pages = "464--466",
journal = "European Journal of Public Health",
issn = "1101-1262",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence of hepatitis A among drug users in north-eastern Italy

T2 - Is vaccination necessary in low prevalence areas?

AU - Lugoboni, Fabio

AU - Quaglio, Gianluca

AU - Pajusco, Benedetta

AU - Foroni, Maurizio

AU - Blengio, Gianstefano

AU - Talamini, Giorgio

AU - Mezzelani, Paolo

AU - Des Jarlais, Don

PY - 2005/10/1

Y1 - 2005/10/1

N2 - Background: The authors report on the prevalence of, and risk factors for, hepatitis A virus (HAV) in a group of drug users in Italy. Methods: 404 heroin users were recruited and compared with a control group of 107 subjects in the general population. Results: Drug users born in north-eastern Italy have a prevalence of anti-HAV similar to the control group. A much higher prevalence was found in drug users born in southern Italy. Conclusion: The similar prevalence of anti-HAV in drug users born in north-eastern Italy and in the general population, suggests that their lifestyle does not involve a substantial additional risk of HAV. The much higher prevalence found in drug users born in southern Italy is more likely to be related to infection during infancy.

AB - Background: The authors report on the prevalence of, and risk factors for, hepatitis A virus (HAV) in a group of drug users in Italy. Methods: 404 heroin users were recruited and compared with a control group of 107 subjects in the general population. Results: Drug users born in north-eastern Italy have a prevalence of anti-HAV similar to the control group. A much higher prevalence was found in drug users born in southern Italy. Conclusion: The similar prevalence of anti-HAV in drug users born in north-eastern Italy and in the general population, suggests that their lifestyle does not involve a substantial additional risk of HAV. The much higher prevalence found in drug users born in southern Italy is more likely to be related to infection during infancy.

KW - HAV infection

KW - HAV vaccination

KW - Heroin users

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=26844482929&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=26844482929&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/eurpub/cki145

DO - 10.1093/eurpub/cki145

M3 - Article

C2 - 16093301

AN - SCOPUS:26844482929

VL - 15

SP - 464

EP - 466

JO - European Journal of Public Health

JF - European Journal of Public Health

SN - 1101-1262

IS - 5

ER -