Prevalence of eating disorders among blacks in the National Survey of American Life

Jacquelyn Taylor, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell, Raymond E. Baser, Nakesha Faison, James S. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To provide information on the characteristics of eating disorders based on nationally representative samples of African American and Caribbean Black adults and adolescents. Method: Conducted between 2001 and 2003 the National Survey of American Life (NSAL) interviewed adults (n = 5,191) and adolescents (n = 1,170) in their homes. Professionally trained interviewers used the WMH Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WMH-CIDI-WHO Organization 2004-modified) to assess DSM-IV TR eating disorders. Results: Anorexia was the rarest eating disorder among African American adults and adolescents, with age of onset for adults in mid adolescence. No 12-month case of anorexia was found among Caribbean Black adults. Binge eating was the most prevalent eating disorder among adults and adolescents. Persistence of disorders was lowest for anorexia and highest for binge eating disorder among adults. Conclusion: Prevalence of eating disorders within the U.S. Black population varies by type of disorder, age cohort, gender, and ethnic group among adults, and by type of disorder among adolescents. Clinicians need preparation and training to recognize and treat eating disorders in ethnically-diverse patient populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume40
Issue number7 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007

Fingerprint

national surveys
eating disorders
Anorexia
anorexia
African Americans
Interviews
Binge-Eating Disorder
Bulimia
binge eating disorder
Age of Onset
Ethnic Groups
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
binging
Population
Feeding and Eating Disorders
Surveys and Questionnaires
nationalities and ethnic groups
Organizations
interviews
gender

Keywords

  • Age of onset
  • Blacks
  • Eating disorders
  • Gender differences
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Food Science
  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Prevalence of eating disorders among blacks in the National Survey of American Life. / Taylor, Jacquelyn; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard; Baser, Raymond E.; Faison, Nakesha; Jackson, James S.

In: International Journal of Eating Disorders, Vol. 40, No. 7 SUPPL., 01.11.2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Taylor, Jacquelyn ; Caldwell, Cleopatra Howard ; Baser, Raymond E. ; Faison, Nakesha ; Jackson, James S. / Prevalence of eating disorders among blacks in the National Survey of American Life. In: International Journal of Eating Disorders. 2007 ; Vol. 40, No. 7 SUPPL.
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