Preserved recognition of familiar personal names in global aphasia

Diana Van Lancker, Karen Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recognition of proper and common nouns was compared in four patients diagnosed with global aphasia secondary to ischemic left-hemisphere infarction. For proper noun recognition, subjects matched the spoken or written name of a famous person to a photograph, and for common nouns, subjects were tested on standardized and special word recognition tests. As expected, common noun recognition was severely compromised in the aphasic patients. In contrast, familiar personal names, despite their greater length and complexity, were recognized equally well by aphasic and normal control subjects. The right hemisphere may mediate the ability to recognize personally familiar names, as it may be specialized for establishing personally relevant environmental stimuli.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)511-529
Number of pages19
JournalBrain and Language
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1990

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Speech and Hearing

Cite this