Preserved recognition of familiar personal names in global aphasia

Diana Van Lancker, Karen Klein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recognition of proper and common nouns was compared in four patients diagnosed with global aphasia secondary to ischemic left-hemisphere infarction. For proper noun recognition, subjects matched the spoken or written name of a famous person to a photograph, and for common nouns, subjects were tested on standardized and special word recognition tests. As expected, common noun recognition was severely compromised in the aphasic patients. In contrast, familiar personal names, despite their greater length and complexity, were recognized equally well by aphasic and normal control subjects. The right hemisphere may mediate the ability to recognize personally familiar names, as it may be specialized for establishing personally relevant environmental stimuli.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)511-529
Number of pages19
JournalBrain and Language
Volume39
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990

Fingerprint

Aphasia
speech disorder
Names
Famous Persons
Infarction
stimulus
human being
ability
Personal Names
Common Noun
Proper Nouns
Aphasic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

Preserved recognition of familiar personal names in global aphasia. / Van Lancker, Diana; Klein, Karen.

In: Brain and Language, Vol. 39, No. 4, 1990, p. 511-529.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Van Lancker, Diana ; Klein, Karen. / Preserved recognition of familiar personal names in global aphasia. In: Brain and Language. 1990 ; Vol. 39, No. 4. pp. 511-529.
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