Preschool attendance and school readiness for children of immigrant mothers in the United States

Rae Hyuck Lee, Wen-Jui Han, Jane Waldfogel, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We examined the associations between preschool attendance and academic school readiness at kindergarten entry among 5-year-old children of immigrant mothers in the United States using data from a US nationally representative sample (Early Childhood Longitudinal Study—Birth Cohort, N = 1650). Comparing children who were in preschool (Head Start, prekindergarten, or other center-based preschool) to children being cared for exclusively at home, analyses using both ordinary least squares regressions with rich controls and with propensity score weighting consistently showed that attending preschool was associated with higher reading and math skills. Analyses focused on specific type of preschool revealed that children attending prekindergarten (but not Head Start and other center-based preschool) had higher reading and math skills than those in parental care. Analyses focused on hours of preschool attendance indicated that children’s reading skills benefited from attending more than 20 hours per week of Head Start or prekindergarten. Attending preschool, especially for full days, increases the school readiness of children of immigrants.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)190-209
    Number of pages20
    JournalJournal of Early Childhood Research
    Volume16
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

    Fingerprint

    school readiness
    Reading
    immigrant
    Mothers
    Preschool Children
    Propensity Score
    Least-Squares Analysis
    weighting
    kindergarten
    childhood
    regression

    Keywords

    • Early Childhood Longitudinal Study—Birth Cohort
    • Head Start
    • prekindergarten
    • school readiness
    • type and hours of preschool
    • US children of immigrant mothers

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health(social science)
    • Education
    • Developmental and Educational Psychology

    Cite this

    Preschool attendance and school readiness for children of immigrant mothers in the United States. / Lee, Rae Hyuck; Han, Wen-Jui; Waldfogel, Jane; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne.

    In: Journal of Early Childhood Research, Vol. 16, No. 2, 01.06.2018, p. 190-209.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Lee, Rae Hyuck ; Han, Wen-Jui ; Waldfogel, Jane ; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. / Preschool attendance and school readiness for children of immigrant mothers in the United States. In: Journal of Early Childhood Research. 2018 ; Vol. 16, No. 2. pp. 190-209.
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