Predictors of Suicidal Ideation Across Deployment: A Prospective Study

Jeffrey A. Cigrang, Christina Balderrama-Durbin, Douglas K. Snyder, G. Wayne Talcott, Jolyn Tatum, Monty Baker, Daniel Cassidy, Scott Sonnek, Amy Slep, Richard Heyman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Concurrent and prospective predictors of suicidal ideation were examined in a sample of 318 United States Air Force Security Forces across a 1-year deployment in Iraq and 6- to 9-month follow-up. Method: Participants included 294 male and 24 female Airmen ranging in age from 18 to 46 years, predominantly (67%) Caucasian. Measures included self-reports of postdeployment suicidal ideation, posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms, alcohol use, combat experiences, relationship distress, social support, and postdeployment readjustment. Results: Problem drinking before deployment prospectively predicted postdeployment suicidal ideation in univariate analyses. Depressive symptoms and problem drinking were significant independent predictors of postdeployment suicidal ideation. Findings demonstrated a ninefold increase in suicidal ideation among service members with even mild depressive symptoms if moderate problem drinking was also present. Conclusions: Predeployment problem drinking may serve as a modifiable target for early intervention of suicidal ideation. Findings illuminate the compound risk of comorbid depressive symptoms and moderate problem drinking in predicting suicidal ideation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)828-842
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Volume71
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Fingerprint

Suicidal Ideation
Prospective Studies
Drinking
Depression
Iraq
Predictors
Social Support
Self Report
Depressive Symptoms
Air
Alcohols

Keywords

  • Alcohol misuse
  • Depression
  • PTSD
  • Suicidal ideation
  • Suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Cigrang, J. A., Balderrama-Durbin, C., Snyder, D. K., Talcott, G. W., Tatum, J., Baker, M., ... Heyman, R. (2015). Predictors of Suicidal Ideation Across Deployment: A Prospective Study. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 71(9), 828-842. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22192

Predictors of Suicidal Ideation Across Deployment : A Prospective Study. / Cigrang, Jeffrey A.; Balderrama-Durbin, Christina; Snyder, Douglas K.; Talcott, G. Wayne; Tatum, Jolyn; Baker, Monty; Cassidy, Daniel; Sonnek, Scott; Slep, Amy; Heyman, Richard.

In: Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 71, No. 9, 01.09.2015, p. 828-842.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cigrang, JA, Balderrama-Durbin, C, Snyder, DK, Talcott, GW, Tatum, J, Baker, M, Cassidy, D, Sonnek, S, Slep, A & Heyman, R 2015, 'Predictors of Suicidal Ideation Across Deployment: A Prospective Study', Journal of Clinical Psychology, vol. 71, no. 9, pp. 828-842. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22192
Cigrang JA, Balderrama-Durbin C, Snyder DK, Talcott GW, Tatum J, Baker M et al. Predictors of Suicidal Ideation Across Deployment: A Prospective Study. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2015 Sep 1;71(9):828-842. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22192
Cigrang, Jeffrey A. ; Balderrama-Durbin, Christina ; Snyder, Douglas K. ; Talcott, G. Wayne ; Tatum, Jolyn ; Baker, Monty ; Cassidy, Daniel ; Sonnek, Scott ; Slep, Amy ; Heyman, Richard. / Predictors of Suicidal Ideation Across Deployment : A Prospective Study. In: Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2015 ; Vol. 71, No. 9. pp. 828-842.
@article{91eaf31fbbee4cd18022cd7f261ed7a4,
title = "Predictors of Suicidal Ideation Across Deployment: A Prospective Study",
abstract = "Objective: Concurrent and prospective predictors of suicidal ideation were examined in a sample of 318 United States Air Force Security Forces across a 1-year deployment in Iraq and 6- to 9-month follow-up. Method: Participants included 294 male and 24 female Airmen ranging in age from 18 to 46 years, predominantly (67{\%}) Caucasian. Measures included self-reports of postdeployment suicidal ideation, posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms, alcohol use, combat experiences, relationship distress, social support, and postdeployment readjustment. Results: Problem drinking before deployment prospectively predicted postdeployment suicidal ideation in univariate analyses. Depressive symptoms and problem drinking were significant independent predictors of postdeployment suicidal ideation. Findings demonstrated a ninefold increase in suicidal ideation among service members with even mild depressive symptoms if moderate problem drinking was also present. Conclusions: Predeployment problem drinking may serve as a modifiable target for early intervention of suicidal ideation. Findings illuminate the compound risk of comorbid depressive symptoms and moderate problem drinking in predicting suicidal ideation.",
keywords = "Alcohol misuse, Depression, PTSD, Suicidal ideation, Suicide",
author = "Cigrang, {Jeffrey A.} and Christina Balderrama-Durbin and Snyder, {Douglas K.} and Talcott, {G. Wayne} and Jolyn Tatum and Monty Baker and Daniel Cassidy and Scott Sonnek and Amy Slep and Richard Heyman",
year = "2015",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/jclp.22192",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "71",
pages = "828--842",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Psychology",
issn = "0021-9762",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predictors of Suicidal Ideation Across Deployment

T2 - A Prospective Study

AU - Cigrang, Jeffrey A.

AU - Balderrama-Durbin, Christina

AU - Snyder, Douglas K.

AU - Talcott, G. Wayne

AU - Tatum, Jolyn

AU - Baker, Monty

AU - Cassidy, Daniel

AU - Sonnek, Scott

AU - Slep, Amy

AU - Heyman, Richard

PY - 2015/9/1

Y1 - 2015/9/1

N2 - Objective: Concurrent and prospective predictors of suicidal ideation were examined in a sample of 318 United States Air Force Security Forces across a 1-year deployment in Iraq and 6- to 9-month follow-up. Method: Participants included 294 male and 24 female Airmen ranging in age from 18 to 46 years, predominantly (67%) Caucasian. Measures included self-reports of postdeployment suicidal ideation, posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms, alcohol use, combat experiences, relationship distress, social support, and postdeployment readjustment. Results: Problem drinking before deployment prospectively predicted postdeployment suicidal ideation in univariate analyses. Depressive symptoms and problem drinking were significant independent predictors of postdeployment suicidal ideation. Findings demonstrated a ninefold increase in suicidal ideation among service members with even mild depressive symptoms if moderate problem drinking was also present. Conclusions: Predeployment problem drinking may serve as a modifiable target for early intervention of suicidal ideation. Findings illuminate the compound risk of comorbid depressive symptoms and moderate problem drinking in predicting suicidal ideation.

AB - Objective: Concurrent and prospective predictors of suicidal ideation were examined in a sample of 318 United States Air Force Security Forces across a 1-year deployment in Iraq and 6- to 9-month follow-up. Method: Participants included 294 male and 24 female Airmen ranging in age from 18 to 46 years, predominantly (67%) Caucasian. Measures included self-reports of postdeployment suicidal ideation, posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms, alcohol use, combat experiences, relationship distress, social support, and postdeployment readjustment. Results: Problem drinking before deployment prospectively predicted postdeployment suicidal ideation in univariate analyses. Depressive symptoms and problem drinking were significant independent predictors of postdeployment suicidal ideation. Findings demonstrated a ninefold increase in suicidal ideation among service members with even mild depressive symptoms if moderate problem drinking was also present. Conclusions: Predeployment problem drinking may serve as a modifiable target for early intervention of suicidal ideation. Findings illuminate the compound risk of comorbid depressive symptoms and moderate problem drinking in predicting suicidal ideation.

KW - Alcohol misuse

KW - Depression

KW - PTSD

KW - Suicidal ideation

KW - Suicide

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84939258880&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84939258880&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/jclp.22192

DO - 10.1002/jclp.22192

M3 - Article

VL - 71

SP - 828

EP - 842

JO - Journal of Clinical Psychology

JF - Journal of Clinical Psychology

SN - 0021-9762

IS - 9

ER -