Predictors of HIV-preventive sexual behavior in a high-risk adolescent population

The influence of perceived peer norms and sexual communication on incarcerated adolescents' consistent use of condoms

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Data were collected from 112 sexually active adolescents incarcerated in a juvenile detention facility to identify predictors of consistent use of condoms during sexual intercourse. Adolescents completed an anonymous epidemiologic survey instrument developed by the Centers for Disease Control. The self-report survey assessed, demographic, psychosocial, and behavioral factors. Three factors were identified as associated with consistent condom use. These significant bivariate factors were entered into a multivariate logistic regression model to identify the independent contribution of each factor. Non-Black adolescents, adolescents who communicate with their sex partners about AIDS, and those who perceive peer norms as supporting condom use were significantly more likely to be consistent condom users. The findings suggest that Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevention programs for incarcerated adolescents that emphasize training in communication skills and modifying perceptions off peer normative behavior may be more effective in increasing the adoption and maintenance of condom use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)385-390
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

Fingerprint

Condoms
Sexual Behavior
Communication
HIV
Population
Logistic Models
Coitus
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Self Report
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Maintenance
Demography
Peer Influence
Psychology

Keywords

  • Incarcerated adolescents HIV Condom use Sexual behavior Communication skills Perceived peer norms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

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abstract = "Data were collected from 112 sexually active adolescents incarcerated in a juvenile detention facility to identify predictors of consistent use of condoms during sexual intercourse. Adolescents completed an anonymous epidemiologic survey instrument developed by the Centers for Disease Control. The self-report survey assessed, demographic, psychosocial, and behavioral factors. Three factors were identified as associated with consistent condom use. These significant bivariate factors were entered into a multivariate logistic regression model to identify the independent contribution of each factor. Non-Black adolescents, adolescents who communicate with their sex partners about AIDS, and those who perceive peer norms as supporting condom use were significantly more likely to be consistent condom users. The findings suggest that Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevention programs for incarcerated adolescents that emphasize training in communication skills and modifying perceptions off peer normative behavior may be more effective in increasing the adoption and maintenance of condom use.",
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