Poverty-related adversity and emotion regulation predict internalizing behavior problems among low-income children ages 8-11

C. Cybele Raver, Amanda L. Roy, Emily Pressler, Alexandra M. Ursache, Dana Charles McCoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The current study examines the additive and joint roles of chronic poverty-related adversity and three candidate neurocognitive processes of emotion regulation (ER)-including: (i) attention bias to threat (ABT); (ii) accuracy of facial emotion appraisal (FEA); and (iii) negative affect (NA)-for low-income, ethnic minority children's internalizing problems (N = 338). Children were enrolled in the current study from publicly funded preschools, with poverty-related adversity assessed at multiple time points from early to middle childhood. Field-based administration of neurocognitively-informed assessments of ABT, FEA and NA as well as parental report of internalizing symptoms were collected when children were ages 8-11, 6 years after baseline. Results suggest that chronic exposure to poverty-related adversity from early to middle childhood predicted higher levels of internalizing symptomatology when children are ages 8-11, even after controlling for initial poverty status and early internalizing symptoms in preschool. Moreover, each of the 3 hypothesized components of ER played an independent and statistically significant role in predicting children's parent-reported internalizing symptoms at the 6-year follow-up, even after controlling for early and chronic poverty-related adversity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2
JournalBehavioral Sciences
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Fingerprint

behavior problems
Poverty
emotions
poverty
Emotions
income
low income
emotion
economic valuation
childhood
threat
ethnic minority
chronic exposure
trend
national minority
parents
candidacy
Joints
Problem Behavior
regulation

Keywords

  • Attention bias
  • Emotion regulation
  • Poverty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Genetics
  • Development

Cite this

Poverty-related adversity and emotion regulation predict internalizing behavior problems among low-income children ages 8-11. / Raver, C. Cybele; Roy, Amanda L.; Pressler, Emily; Ursache, Alexandra M.; McCoy, Dana Charles.

In: Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 1, 2, 01.03.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Raver, C. Cybele ; Roy, Amanda L. ; Pressler, Emily ; Ursache, Alexandra M. ; McCoy, Dana Charles. / Poverty-related adversity and emotion regulation predict internalizing behavior problems among low-income children ages 8-11. In: Behavioral Sciences. 2017 ; Vol. 7, No. 1.
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