Poverty, household chaos, and interparental aggression predict children's ability to recognize and modulate negative emotions

C. Cybele Raver, Clancy Blair, Patricia Garrett-Peters, Lynne Vernon-Feagans, Mark Greenberg, Martha Cox, Peg Burchinal, Michael Willoughby, Roger Mills-Koonce, Maureen Ittig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The following prospective longitudinal study considers the ways that protracted exposure to verbal and physical aggression between parents may take a substantial toll on emotional adjustment for 1,025 children followed from 6 to 58 months of age. Exposure to chronic poverty from infancy to early childhood as well as multiple measures of household chaos were also included as predictors of children's ability to recognize and modulate negative emotions in order to disentangle the role of interparental conflict from the socioeconomic forces that sometimes accompany it. Analyses revealed that exposure to greater levels of interparental conflict, more chaos in the household, and a higher number of years in poverty can be empirically distinguished as key contributors to 58-month-olds' ability to recognize and modulate negative emotion. Implications for models of experiential canalization of emotional processes within the context of adversity are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)695-708
Number of pages14
JournalDevelopment and Psychopathology
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 21 2015

Fingerprint

Family Conflict
Aptitude
Poverty
Aggression
Emotions
Longitudinal Studies
Parents
Prospective Studies
Emotional Adjustment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Poverty, household chaos, and interparental aggression predict children's ability to recognize and modulate negative emotions. / Raver, C. Cybele; Blair, Clancy; Garrett-Peters, Patricia; Vernon-Feagans, Lynne; Greenberg, Mark; Cox, Martha; Burchinal, Peg; Willoughby, Michael; Mills-Koonce, Roger; Ittig, Maureen.

In: Development and Psychopathology, Vol. 27, No. 3, 21.08.2015, p. 695-708.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Raver, CC, Blair, C, Garrett-Peters, P, Vernon-Feagans, L, Greenberg, M, Cox, M, Burchinal, P, Willoughby, M, Mills-Koonce, R & Ittig, M 2015, 'Poverty, household chaos, and interparental aggression predict children's ability to recognize and modulate negative emotions', Development and Psychopathology, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 695-708. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579414000935
Raver, C. Cybele ; Blair, Clancy ; Garrett-Peters, Patricia ; Vernon-Feagans, Lynne ; Greenberg, Mark ; Cox, Martha ; Burchinal, Peg ; Willoughby, Michael ; Mills-Koonce, Roger ; Ittig, Maureen. / Poverty, household chaos, and interparental aggression predict children's ability to recognize and modulate negative emotions. In: Development and Psychopathology. 2015 ; Vol. 27, No. 3. pp. 695-708.
@article{4239f3f8c92d4905ae170423cb47cd6a,
title = "Poverty, household chaos, and interparental aggression predict children's ability to recognize and modulate negative emotions",
abstract = "The following prospective longitudinal study considers the ways that protracted exposure to verbal and physical aggression between parents may take a substantial toll on emotional adjustment for 1,025 children followed from 6 to 58 months of age. Exposure to chronic poverty from infancy to early childhood as well as multiple measures of household chaos were also included as predictors of children's ability to recognize and modulate negative emotions in order to disentangle the role of interparental conflict from the socioeconomic forces that sometimes accompany it. Analyses revealed that exposure to greater levels of interparental conflict, more chaos in the household, and a higher number of years in poverty can be empirically distinguished as key contributors to 58-month-olds' ability to recognize and modulate negative emotion. Implications for models of experiential canalization of emotional processes within the context of adversity are discussed.",
author = "Raver, {C. Cybele} and Clancy Blair and Patricia Garrett-Peters and Lynne Vernon-Feagans and Mark Greenberg and Martha Cox and Peg Burchinal and Michael Willoughby and Roger Mills-Koonce and Maureen Ittig",
year = "2015",
month = "8",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1017/S0954579414000935",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "695--708",
journal = "Development and Psychopathology",
issn = "0954-5794",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Poverty, household chaos, and interparental aggression predict children's ability to recognize and modulate negative emotions

AU - Raver, C. Cybele

AU - Blair, Clancy

AU - Garrett-Peters, Patricia

AU - Vernon-Feagans, Lynne

AU - Greenberg, Mark

AU - Cox, Martha

AU - Burchinal, Peg

AU - Willoughby, Michael

AU - Mills-Koonce, Roger

AU - Ittig, Maureen

PY - 2015/8/21

Y1 - 2015/8/21

N2 - The following prospective longitudinal study considers the ways that protracted exposure to verbal and physical aggression between parents may take a substantial toll on emotional adjustment for 1,025 children followed from 6 to 58 months of age. Exposure to chronic poverty from infancy to early childhood as well as multiple measures of household chaos were also included as predictors of children's ability to recognize and modulate negative emotions in order to disentangle the role of interparental conflict from the socioeconomic forces that sometimes accompany it. Analyses revealed that exposure to greater levels of interparental conflict, more chaos in the household, and a higher number of years in poverty can be empirically distinguished as key contributors to 58-month-olds' ability to recognize and modulate negative emotion. Implications for models of experiential canalization of emotional processes within the context of adversity are discussed.

AB - The following prospective longitudinal study considers the ways that protracted exposure to verbal and physical aggression between parents may take a substantial toll on emotional adjustment for 1,025 children followed from 6 to 58 months of age. Exposure to chronic poverty from infancy to early childhood as well as multiple measures of household chaos were also included as predictors of children's ability to recognize and modulate negative emotions in order to disentangle the role of interparental conflict from the socioeconomic forces that sometimes accompany it. Analyses revealed that exposure to greater levels of interparental conflict, more chaos in the household, and a higher number of years in poverty can be empirically distinguished as key contributors to 58-month-olds' ability to recognize and modulate negative emotion. Implications for models of experiential canalization of emotional processes within the context of adversity are discussed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84944865956&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84944865956&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S0954579414000935

DO - 10.1017/S0954579414000935

M3 - Article

C2 - 25215541

AN - SCOPUS:84944865956

VL - 27

SP - 695

EP - 708

JO - Development and Psychopathology

JF - Development and Psychopathology

SN - 0954-5794

IS - 3

ER -