Potential benefits of controlling coronary heart disease risk factors in the United Arab Emirates

Abdishakur Abdulle, Nico J.D. Nagelkerke, Samra Abouchacra, Enyioma N. Obineche

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular risk factors including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, are highly prevalent in the United Arab Emirates. In spite of significant awareness initiatives, little is known about the potential benefits of controlling these risk factors. Aims: To assess the prevalence of preventable risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD), and the likely benefits of controlling these risk factors. Methods: In a health survey stratified by self-reported hypertension, we enrolled 349 hypertensive and 641 normotensive subjects of diverse ethnicity in Al-Ain city, and measured CHD risk factors. We used the Framingham risk score to estimate the proportion of CHD potentially preventable by controlling hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus (DM), and smoking. Results: Smoking was similar in the two groups (hypertensives 13.2% vs. normotensives 14.2%). The prevalence of diabetes, dyslipidemia [mean (SD) triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C)], overweight/obesity, and thus the 10-year Framingham risk were all significantly (p < 0.001) higher among hypertensive than normotensives. Conclusion: Prevention of type 2 DM, aggressive control of hypertension and dyslipidemia, and smoking cessation could potentially reduce the 10-year incidence of CHD. Barriers include lack of awareness of this problem among the general population and health care providers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-188
Number of pages4
JournalKidney and Blood Pressure Research
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

Fingerprint

United Arab Emirates
Coronary Disease
Dyslipidemias
Hypertension
Obesity
Smoking
Smoking Cessation
Health Surveys
Health Personnel
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
HDL Cholesterol
Diabetes Mellitus
Triglycerides
Incidence
Population

Keywords

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Framingham risk score
  • Hypertension
  • Prevention
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Nephrology

Cite this

Potential benefits of controlling coronary heart disease risk factors in the United Arab Emirates. / Abdulle, Abdishakur; Nagelkerke, Nico J.D.; Abouchacra, Samra; Obineche, Enyioma N.

In: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research, Vol. 31, No. 3, 01.07.2008, p. 185-188.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abdulle, Abdishakur ; Nagelkerke, Nico J.D. ; Abouchacra, Samra ; Obineche, Enyioma N. / Potential benefits of controlling coronary heart disease risk factors in the United Arab Emirates. In: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research. 2008 ; Vol. 31, No. 3. pp. 185-188.
@article{fe2a40cd62a7437b8211c11d817dc95a,
title = "Potential benefits of controlling coronary heart disease risk factors in the United Arab Emirates",
abstract = "Background: Cardiovascular risk factors including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, are highly prevalent in the United Arab Emirates. In spite of significant awareness initiatives, little is known about the potential benefits of controlling these risk factors. Aims: To assess the prevalence of preventable risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD), and the likely benefits of controlling these risk factors. Methods: In a health survey stratified by self-reported hypertension, we enrolled 349 hypertensive and 641 normotensive subjects of diverse ethnicity in Al-Ain city, and measured CHD risk factors. We used the Framingham risk score to estimate the proportion of CHD potentially preventable by controlling hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus (DM), and smoking. Results: Smoking was similar in the two groups (hypertensives 13.2{\%} vs. normotensives 14.2{\%}). The prevalence of diabetes, dyslipidemia [mean (SD) triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C)], overweight/obesity, and thus the 10-year Framingham risk were all significantly (p < 0.001) higher among hypertensive than normotensives. Conclusion: Prevention of type 2 DM, aggressive control of hypertension and dyslipidemia, and smoking cessation could potentially reduce the 10-year incidence of CHD. Barriers include lack of awareness of this problem among the general population and health care providers.",
keywords = "Coronary heart disease, Framingham risk score, Hypertension, Prevention, Risk factors",
author = "Abdishakur Abdulle and Nagelkerke, {Nico J.D.} and Samra Abouchacra and Obineche, {Enyioma N.}",
year = "2008",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1159/000134265",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "31",
pages = "185--188",
journal = "Kidney and Blood Pressure Research",
issn = "1420-4096",
publisher = "S. Karger AG",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Potential benefits of controlling coronary heart disease risk factors in the United Arab Emirates

AU - Abdulle, Abdishakur

AU - Nagelkerke, Nico J.D.

AU - Abouchacra, Samra

AU - Obineche, Enyioma N.

PY - 2008/7/1

Y1 - 2008/7/1

N2 - Background: Cardiovascular risk factors including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, are highly prevalent in the United Arab Emirates. In spite of significant awareness initiatives, little is known about the potential benefits of controlling these risk factors. Aims: To assess the prevalence of preventable risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD), and the likely benefits of controlling these risk factors. Methods: In a health survey stratified by self-reported hypertension, we enrolled 349 hypertensive and 641 normotensive subjects of diverse ethnicity in Al-Ain city, and measured CHD risk factors. We used the Framingham risk score to estimate the proportion of CHD potentially preventable by controlling hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus (DM), and smoking. Results: Smoking was similar in the two groups (hypertensives 13.2% vs. normotensives 14.2%). The prevalence of diabetes, dyslipidemia [mean (SD) triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C)], overweight/obesity, and thus the 10-year Framingham risk were all significantly (p < 0.001) higher among hypertensive than normotensives. Conclusion: Prevention of type 2 DM, aggressive control of hypertension and dyslipidemia, and smoking cessation could potentially reduce the 10-year incidence of CHD. Barriers include lack of awareness of this problem among the general population and health care providers.

AB - Background: Cardiovascular risk factors including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, are highly prevalent in the United Arab Emirates. In spite of significant awareness initiatives, little is known about the potential benefits of controlling these risk factors. Aims: To assess the prevalence of preventable risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD), and the likely benefits of controlling these risk factors. Methods: In a health survey stratified by self-reported hypertension, we enrolled 349 hypertensive and 641 normotensive subjects of diverse ethnicity in Al-Ain city, and measured CHD risk factors. We used the Framingham risk score to estimate the proportion of CHD potentially preventable by controlling hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus (DM), and smoking. Results: Smoking was similar in the two groups (hypertensives 13.2% vs. normotensives 14.2%). The prevalence of diabetes, dyslipidemia [mean (SD) triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C)], overweight/obesity, and thus the 10-year Framingham risk were all significantly (p < 0.001) higher among hypertensive than normotensives. Conclusion: Prevention of type 2 DM, aggressive control of hypertension and dyslipidemia, and smoking cessation could potentially reduce the 10-year incidence of CHD. Barriers include lack of awareness of this problem among the general population and health care providers.

KW - Coronary heart disease

KW - Framingham risk score

KW - Hypertension

KW - Prevention

KW - Risk factors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=46249092574&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=46249092574&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1159/000134265

DO - 10.1159/000134265

M3 - Article

C2 - 18493155

AN - SCOPUS:46249092574

VL - 31

SP - 185

EP - 188

JO - Kidney and Blood Pressure Research

JF - Kidney and Blood Pressure Research

SN - 1420-4096

IS - 3

ER -