Potential benefits of controlling coronary heart disease risk factors in the United Arab Emirates

Abdishakur Abdulle, Nico J.D. Nagelkerke, Samra Abouchacra, Enyioma N. Obineche

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Background: Cardiovascular risk factors including obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, are highly prevalent in the United Arab Emirates. In spite of significant awareness initiatives, little is known about the potential benefits of controlling these risk factors. Aims: To assess the prevalence of preventable risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD), and the likely benefits of controlling these risk factors. Methods: In a health survey stratified by self-reported hypertension, we enrolled 349 hypertensive and 641 normotensive subjects of diverse ethnicity in Al-Ain city, and measured CHD risk factors. We used the Framingham risk score to estimate the proportion of CHD potentially preventable by controlling hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus (DM), and smoking. Results: Smoking was similar in the two groups (hypertensives 13.2% vs. normotensives 14.2%). The prevalence of diabetes, dyslipidemia [mean (SD) triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C)], overweight/obesity, and thus the 10-year Framingham risk were all significantly (p < 0.001) higher among hypertensive than normotensives. Conclusion: Prevention of type 2 DM, aggressive control of hypertension and dyslipidemia, and smoking cessation could potentially reduce the 10-year incidence of CHD. Barriers include lack of awareness of this problem among the general population and health care providers.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)185-188
    Number of pages4
    JournalKidney and Blood Pressure Research
    Volume31
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

    Fingerprint

    United Arab Emirates
    Coronary Disease
    Dyslipidemias
    Hypertension
    Obesity
    Smoking
    Smoking Cessation
    Health Surveys
    Health Personnel
    Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
    HDL Cholesterol
    Diabetes Mellitus
    Triglycerides
    Incidence
    Population

    Keywords

    • Coronary heart disease
    • Framingham risk score
    • Hypertension
    • Prevention
    • Risk factors

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
    • Nephrology

    Cite this

    Potential benefits of controlling coronary heart disease risk factors in the United Arab Emirates. / Abdulle, Abdishakur; Nagelkerke, Nico J.D.; Abouchacra, Samra; Obineche, Enyioma N.

    In: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research, Vol. 31, No. 3, 01.07.2008, p. 185-188.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abdulle, Abdishakur ; Nagelkerke, Nico J.D. ; Abouchacra, Samra ; Obineche, Enyioma N. / Potential benefits of controlling coronary heart disease risk factors in the United Arab Emirates. In: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research. 2008 ; Vol. 31, No. 3. pp. 185-188.
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