Posttraumatic stress symptoms, PTSD, and risk factors among lower Manhattan residents 2-3 years after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks

Laura DiGrande, Megan A. Perrin, Lorna Thorpe, Lisa Thalji, Joseph Murphy, David Wu, Mark Farfel, Robert M. Brackbill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Manhattan residents living near the World Trade Center may have been particularly vulnerable to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after the September 11, 2001 (9/11) terrorist attacks. In 2003-2004, the authors administered the PTSD Checklist to 11,037 adults who lived south of Canal Street in New York City on 9/11. The prevalence of probable PTSD was 12.6% and associated with older age, female gender, Hispanic ethnicity, low education and income, and divorce. Injury, witnessing horror, and dust cloud exposure on 9/11 increased risk for chronic PTSD. Postdisaster risk factors included evacuation and rescue and recovery work. The results indicate that PTSD is a continued health problem in the local community. The relationship between socioeconomic status and PTSD suggests services must target marginalized populations. Followup is necessary on the course and long-term consequences of PTSD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)264-273
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Volume21
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008

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September 11 Terrorist Attacks
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Rescue Work
Divorce
Health Services Needs and Demand
Checklist
Dust
Hispanic Americans
Social Class
Education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Posttraumatic stress symptoms, PTSD, and risk factors among lower Manhattan residents 2-3 years after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. / DiGrande, Laura; Perrin, Megan A.; Thorpe, Lorna; Thalji, Lisa; Murphy, Joseph; Wu, David; Farfel, Mark; Brackbill, Robert M.

In: Journal of Traumatic Stress, Vol. 21, No. 3, 06.2008, p. 264-273.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DiGrande, Laura ; Perrin, Megan A. ; Thorpe, Lorna ; Thalji, Lisa ; Murphy, Joseph ; Wu, David ; Farfel, Mark ; Brackbill, Robert M. / Posttraumatic stress symptoms, PTSD, and risk factors among lower Manhattan residents 2-3 years after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. In: Journal of Traumatic Stress. 2008 ; Vol. 21, No. 3. pp. 264-273.
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