Please in my backyard: Quiet mobilization in support of fracking in an appalachian community

Colin Jerolmack, Edward T. Walker

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Environmental justice and social movements scholarship demonstrates how not-in-my-backyard activism by more privileged communities leaves the disadvantaged with “locally unwanted land uses.” Yet it overlooks instances of local support for risky industries. Our ethnographic case shows how a rural, white, mixed-income Pennsylvania community adopted a please-in-my-backyard stance toward shale gas extraction (fracking). Residents invited development on their land and supported it through quiet mobilization. While landowners prioritized benefits over risks, economics cannot fully explain their enthusiasm. Consistent with public opinion research, partisan identities and community obligations undergirded industry support even when personal benefits were limited. Devotion to self-reliance and property rights led residents to defend landowners’ freedom to lease their land. Cynicism toward government precluded endorsing environmental regulation, and the perception of antifracking activists as “liberal” outsiders linked support for fracking with community solidarity. This case illustrates why communities may champion risky industries and complicates theories of nonmobilization.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)479-516
    Number of pages38
    JournalAmerican Journal of Sociology
    Volume124
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 1 2018

    Fingerprint

    mobilization
    community
    industry
    resident
    opinion research
    right of ownership
    Social Movements
    solidarity
    public opinion
    obligation
    land use
    justice
    income
    regulation
    economics

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Sociology and Political Science

    Cite this

    Please in my backyard : Quiet mobilization in support of fracking in an appalachian community. / Jerolmack, Colin; Walker, Edward T.

    In: American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 124, No. 2, 01.09.2018, p. 479-516.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Jerolmack, Colin ; Walker, Edward T. / Please in my backyard : Quiet mobilization in support of fracking in an appalachian community. In: American Journal of Sociology. 2018 ; Vol. 124, No. 2. pp. 479-516.
    @article{f9409332413d44c085e0ca35dacd5b8d,
    title = "Please in my backyard: Quiet mobilization in support of fracking in an appalachian community",
    abstract = "Environmental justice and social movements scholarship demonstrates how not-in-my-backyard activism by more privileged communities leaves the disadvantaged with “locally unwanted land uses.” Yet it overlooks instances of local support for risky industries. Our ethnographic case shows how a rural, white, mixed-income Pennsylvania community adopted a please-in-my-backyard stance toward shale gas extraction (fracking). Residents invited development on their land and supported it through quiet mobilization. While landowners prioritized benefits over risks, economics cannot fully explain their enthusiasm. Consistent with public opinion research, partisan identities and community obligations undergirded industry support even when personal benefits were limited. Devotion to self-reliance and property rights led residents to defend landowners’ freedom to lease their land. Cynicism toward government precluded endorsing environmental regulation, and the perception of antifracking activists as “liberal” outsiders linked support for fracking with community solidarity. This case illustrates why communities may champion risky industries and complicates theories of nonmobilization.",
    author = "Colin Jerolmack and Walker, {Edward T.}",
    year = "2018",
    month = "9",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1086/698215",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "124",
    pages = "479--516",
    journal = "American Journal of Sociology",
    issn = "0002-9602",
    publisher = "University of Chicago",
    number = "2",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Please in my backyard

    T2 - Quiet mobilization in support of fracking in an appalachian community

    AU - Jerolmack, Colin

    AU - Walker, Edward T.

    PY - 2018/9/1

    Y1 - 2018/9/1

    N2 - Environmental justice and social movements scholarship demonstrates how not-in-my-backyard activism by more privileged communities leaves the disadvantaged with “locally unwanted land uses.” Yet it overlooks instances of local support for risky industries. Our ethnographic case shows how a rural, white, mixed-income Pennsylvania community adopted a please-in-my-backyard stance toward shale gas extraction (fracking). Residents invited development on their land and supported it through quiet mobilization. While landowners prioritized benefits over risks, economics cannot fully explain their enthusiasm. Consistent with public opinion research, partisan identities and community obligations undergirded industry support even when personal benefits were limited. Devotion to self-reliance and property rights led residents to defend landowners’ freedom to lease their land. Cynicism toward government precluded endorsing environmental regulation, and the perception of antifracking activists as “liberal” outsiders linked support for fracking with community solidarity. This case illustrates why communities may champion risky industries and complicates theories of nonmobilization.

    AB - Environmental justice and social movements scholarship demonstrates how not-in-my-backyard activism by more privileged communities leaves the disadvantaged with “locally unwanted land uses.” Yet it overlooks instances of local support for risky industries. Our ethnographic case shows how a rural, white, mixed-income Pennsylvania community adopted a please-in-my-backyard stance toward shale gas extraction (fracking). Residents invited development on their land and supported it through quiet mobilization. While landowners prioritized benefits over risks, economics cannot fully explain their enthusiasm. Consistent with public opinion research, partisan identities and community obligations undergirded industry support even when personal benefits were limited. Devotion to self-reliance and property rights led residents to defend landowners’ freedom to lease their land. Cynicism toward government precluded endorsing environmental regulation, and the perception of antifracking activists as “liberal” outsiders linked support for fracking with community solidarity. This case illustrates why communities may champion risky industries and complicates theories of nonmobilization.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85057834569&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85057834569&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1086/698215

    DO - 10.1086/698215

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:85057834569

    VL - 124

    SP - 479

    EP - 516

    JO - American Journal of Sociology

    JF - American Journal of Sociology

    SN - 0002-9602

    IS - 2

    ER -