Planning the urban future in 1960s Britain

Guy Ortolano

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    This article recovers Buckinghamshire county council's proposal to build a monorail city for 250,000 residents during the 1960s. The project was eventually taken over by Whitehall, which proceeded to establish Britain's largest new town of Milton Keynes instead, but from 1962 to 1968 local officials pursued their monorail metropolis. By telling the story of 'North Bucks New City', the article develops a series of claims. First, the proposal should be understood not as the eccentric creation of a single British county, but rather as one iteration of larger state efforts to manage the densities and distributions of growing populations. Second, while the 1960s witnessed the automobile's decisive triumph as a means of personal mobility in Britain, that very triumph ironically generated critiques of the car and quests for alternatives. Third, the monorail was part of a complex social vision that anticipated - and, in part through the facilitation of recreational shopping, sought to alleviate - a crisis of delinquency expected to result from a world of automation and affluence. Fourth, despite its 'futuristic' monorail, the plan ultimately represented an effort by experts and the state to manage social change along congenial lines. Fifth, the proposal advanced a nationalist urbanism, promising renewed global stature for post-imperial Britain by building upon its long urban history. Finally, the article concludes by arguing that this unrealized vision points to the limitations of 'modernism' in the history of urban planning, and to the problems of teleology in the history of the 1960s.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)477-507
    Number of pages31
    JournalHistorical Journal
    Volume54
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 2011

    Fingerprint

    Planning
    1960s
    History
    Shopping
    Residents
    Automobile
    Urban History
    Delinquency
    Car
    Nationalists
    Teleology
    Affluence
    Metropolis
    Urban Planning
    Iteration
    Automation
    Milton Keynes
    Facilitation
    Urbanism
    Buckinghamshire

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • History

    Cite this

    Planning the urban future in 1960s Britain. / Ortolano, Guy.

    In: Historical Journal, Vol. 54, No. 2, 06.2011, p. 477-507.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Ortolano, Guy. / Planning the urban future in 1960s Britain. In: Historical Journal. 2011 ; Vol. 54, No. 2. pp. 477-507.
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