Physiological and behavioral factors related to physical activity in black women with type 2 diabetes mellitus

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Abstract

Purpose: To describe relationships among physical activity (PA), physiological factors, and psychological factors in Black women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: A cross-sectional design was used (N = 109). Data were collected on PA (activity/inactivity, TV hours, bed confinement), physiology (blood pressure, lipids, hemoglobin A1c), psychology (anxiety, emotional distress, physical functioning, bodily pain, vitality), and health care provider (HCP) support. Results: Walking was the preferred PA; TV viewing averaged 3.7 hours/day, and 24% reported confinement to bed >1 week in the last year. Inactive women had greater physiological and psychological problems than active women. Women watching TV >2 hours/day had more physiological problems than women watching TV <2 hours/day. Women reporting >1 week of confinement to bed in the last year had more physiological and psychological problems than those confined to bed <1 week. Conclusions: PA interventions in Black women with T2DM should promote walking, address TV viewing time, incorporate HCP's role of PA counseling/support, and address several psychological factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)376-385
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Transcultural Nursing
Volume22
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011

Fingerprint

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Exercise
Psychology
Walking
Health Personnel
Counseling
Hemoglobins
Anxiety
Blood Pressure
Lipids
Pain

Keywords

  • African American
  • behavioral factors
  • Black
  • exercise
  • methods/designs
  • physical activity
  • psychosocial factors
  • type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • women
  • women's health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

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title = "Physiological and behavioral factors related to physical activity in black women with type 2 diabetes mellitus",
abstract = "Purpose: To describe relationships among physical activity (PA), physiological factors, and psychological factors in Black women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: A cross-sectional design was used (N = 109). Data were collected on PA (activity/inactivity, TV hours, bed confinement), physiology (blood pressure, lipids, hemoglobin A1c), psychology (anxiety, emotional distress, physical functioning, bodily pain, vitality), and health care provider (HCP) support. Results: Walking was the preferred PA; TV viewing averaged 3.7 hours/day, and 24{\%} reported confinement to bed >1 week in the last year. Inactive women had greater physiological and psychological problems than active women. Women watching TV >2 hours/day had more physiological problems than women watching TV <2 hours/day. Women reporting >1 week of confinement to bed in the last year had more physiological and psychological problems than those confined to bed <1 week. Conclusions: PA interventions in Black women with T2DM should promote walking, address TV viewing time, incorporate HCP's role of PA counseling/support, and address several psychological factors.",
keywords = "African American, behavioral factors, Black, exercise, methods/designs, physical activity, psychosocial factors, type 2 diabetes mellitus, women, women's health",
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