Physical work environment

Testing an expanded model of job satisfaction in a sample of registered nurses

Maja Djukic, Christine Kovner, Wendy C. Budin, Robert Norman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The impact of personal, organizational, and economic factors on nurses' job satisfaction have been studied extensively, but few studies exist in which the effects of physical work environment-including perceptions of architectural, interior design, and ambient features on job satisfaction-are examined. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of perceived physical work environment on job satisfaction, adjusting for multiple personal, organizational, and economic determinants of job satisfaction. METHODS: A cross-sectional, predictive design and a Web-based survey instrument were used to collect data from staff registered nurses in a large metropolitan hospital. The survey included 34 questions about multiple job satisfaction determinants, including 18 Likert-type measures with established good validity (comparative fit index = .97, Tucker-Lewis index = .98, root mean square error of approximation = .06) and reliability (r ≥ .70). RESULTS: A response rate of 48.5% resulted in a sample of 362, with 80% power to detect a medium effect of perceived physical environment on job satisfaction. On average, nurses had negative perceptions of physical work environment (M = 2.9, SD = 2.2). Although physical environment was related positively to job satisfaction (r =.256, p = .01) in bivariate analysis, in ordered probit regression, no effect of physical work environment on job satisfaction was found. DISCUSSION: In future studies, this relationship should be examined in larger and more representative samples of nurses. Qualitative methods should be used to explore how negatively perceived physical work environment impacts nurses. Rebuilding of U.S. hospitals, with a planned investment of $200 billion without considering how physical environment contributes to nurse work outcomes, threatens to exacerbate organizational nurse turnover.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)441-451
Number of pages11
JournalNursing Research
Volume59
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

Fingerprint

Job Satisfaction
Nurses
Economics
Interior Design and Furnishings
Urban Hospitals

Keywords

  • job satisfaction
  • nursing personnel
  • physical work environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Physical work environment : Testing an expanded model of job satisfaction in a sample of registered nurses. / Djukic, Maja; Kovner, Christine; Budin, Wendy C.; Norman, Robert.

In: Nursing Research, Vol. 59, No. 6, 11.2010, p. 441-451.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{59ba79035cf9446baf7f6059cdba21e4,
title = "Physical work environment: Testing an expanded model of job satisfaction in a sample of registered nurses",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The impact of personal, organizational, and economic factors on nurses' job satisfaction have been studied extensively, but few studies exist in which the effects of physical work environment-including perceptions of architectural, interior design, and ambient features on job satisfaction-are examined. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of perceived physical work environment on job satisfaction, adjusting for multiple personal, organizational, and economic determinants of job satisfaction. METHODS: A cross-sectional, predictive design and a Web-based survey instrument were used to collect data from staff registered nurses in a large metropolitan hospital. The survey included 34 questions about multiple job satisfaction determinants, including 18 Likert-type measures with established good validity (comparative fit index = .97, Tucker-Lewis index = .98, root mean square error of approximation = .06) and reliability (r ≥ .70). RESULTS: A response rate of 48.5{\%} resulted in a sample of 362, with 80{\%} power to detect a medium effect of perceived physical environment on job satisfaction. On average, nurses had negative perceptions of physical work environment (M = 2.9, SD = 2.2). Although physical environment was related positively to job satisfaction (r =.256, p = .01) in bivariate analysis, in ordered probit regression, no effect of physical work environment on job satisfaction was found. DISCUSSION: In future studies, this relationship should be examined in larger and more representative samples of nurses. Qualitative methods should be used to explore how negatively perceived physical work environment impacts nurses. Rebuilding of U.S. hospitals, with a planned investment of $200 billion without considering how physical environment contributes to nurse work outcomes, threatens to exacerbate organizational nurse turnover.",
keywords = "job satisfaction, nursing personnel, physical work environment",
author = "Maja Djukic and Christine Kovner and Budin, {Wendy C.} and Robert Norman",
year = "2010",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1097/NNR.0b013e3181fb2f25",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "59",
pages = "441--451",
journal = "Nursing Research",
issn = "0029-6562",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical work environment

T2 - Testing an expanded model of job satisfaction in a sample of registered nurses

AU - Djukic, Maja

AU - Kovner, Christine

AU - Budin, Wendy C.

AU - Norman, Robert

PY - 2010/11

Y1 - 2010/11

N2 - BACKGROUND: The impact of personal, organizational, and economic factors on nurses' job satisfaction have been studied extensively, but few studies exist in which the effects of physical work environment-including perceptions of architectural, interior design, and ambient features on job satisfaction-are examined. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of perceived physical work environment on job satisfaction, adjusting for multiple personal, organizational, and economic determinants of job satisfaction. METHODS: A cross-sectional, predictive design and a Web-based survey instrument were used to collect data from staff registered nurses in a large metropolitan hospital. The survey included 34 questions about multiple job satisfaction determinants, including 18 Likert-type measures with established good validity (comparative fit index = .97, Tucker-Lewis index = .98, root mean square error of approximation = .06) and reliability (r ≥ .70). RESULTS: A response rate of 48.5% resulted in a sample of 362, with 80% power to detect a medium effect of perceived physical environment on job satisfaction. On average, nurses had negative perceptions of physical work environment (M = 2.9, SD = 2.2). Although physical environment was related positively to job satisfaction (r =.256, p = .01) in bivariate analysis, in ordered probit regression, no effect of physical work environment on job satisfaction was found. DISCUSSION: In future studies, this relationship should be examined in larger and more representative samples of nurses. Qualitative methods should be used to explore how negatively perceived physical work environment impacts nurses. Rebuilding of U.S. hospitals, with a planned investment of $200 billion without considering how physical environment contributes to nurse work outcomes, threatens to exacerbate organizational nurse turnover.

AB - BACKGROUND: The impact of personal, organizational, and economic factors on nurses' job satisfaction have been studied extensively, but few studies exist in which the effects of physical work environment-including perceptions of architectural, interior design, and ambient features on job satisfaction-are examined. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of perceived physical work environment on job satisfaction, adjusting for multiple personal, organizational, and economic determinants of job satisfaction. METHODS: A cross-sectional, predictive design and a Web-based survey instrument were used to collect data from staff registered nurses in a large metropolitan hospital. The survey included 34 questions about multiple job satisfaction determinants, including 18 Likert-type measures with established good validity (comparative fit index = .97, Tucker-Lewis index = .98, root mean square error of approximation = .06) and reliability (r ≥ .70). RESULTS: A response rate of 48.5% resulted in a sample of 362, with 80% power to detect a medium effect of perceived physical environment on job satisfaction. On average, nurses had negative perceptions of physical work environment (M = 2.9, SD = 2.2). Although physical environment was related positively to job satisfaction (r =.256, p = .01) in bivariate analysis, in ordered probit regression, no effect of physical work environment on job satisfaction was found. DISCUSSION: In future studies, this relationship should be examined in larger and more representative samples of nurses. Qualitative methods should be used to explore how negatively perceived physical work environment impacts nurses. Rebuilding of U.S. hospitals, with a planned investment of $200 billion without considering how physical environment contributes to nurse work outcomes, threatens to exacerbate organizational nurse turnover.

KW - job satisfaction

KW - nursing personnel

KW - physical work environment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78649272175&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78649272175&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/NNR.0b013e3181fb2f25

DO - 10.1097/NNR.0b013e3181fb2f25

M3 - Article

VL - 59

SP - 441

EP - 451

JO - Nursing Research

JF - Nursing Research

SN - 0029-6562

IS - 6

ER -