PHYLAX

Snapshot-based profiling of real-time embedded devices via JTAG interface

Charalambos Konstantinou, Eduardo Chielle, Mihalis Maniatakos

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    Real-time embedded systems play a significant role in the functionality of critical infrastructure. Legacy microprocessor-based embedded systems, however, have not been developed with security in mind. Applying traditional security mechanisms in such systems is challenging due to computing constraints and/or real-time requirements. Their typical 20-30 year lifespan further exacerbates the problem. In this work, we propose PHYLAX, a plug-and-play solution to detect intrusions in already installed embedded devices. PHYLAX is an external monitoring tool which does not require code instrumentation. Also, our tool adapts and prioritizes intrusion detection based on the requirements of the underlying infrastructure (power grid, chemical factory, etc.) as well as the computing capabilities of the target embedded system (CPU model, memory size, etc.). PHYLAX can be employed on any legacy device which incorporates a JTAG interface. As a case study, we present the inclusion of PHYLAX on a power grid recloser controller.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2018 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2018
    PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
    Pages869-872
    Number of pages4
    Volume2018-January
    ISBN (Electronic)9783981926316
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 19 2018
    Event2018 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2018 - Dresden, Germany
    Duration: Mar 19 2018Mar 23 2018

    Other

    Other2018 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2018
    CountryGermany
    CityDresden
    Period3/19/183/23/18

    Fingerprint

    Embedded systems
    Interfaces (computer)
    Critical infrastructures
    Intrusion detection
    Real time systems
    Program processors
    Industrial plants
    Microprocessor chips
    Data storage equipment
    Controllers
    Monitoring
    Profiling
    Grid
    Factory
    Functionality
    Life span
    Controller
    Inclusion
    System model
    Critical infrastructure

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
    • Hardware and Architecture
    • Software
    • Information Systems and Management

    Cite this

    Konstantinou, C., Chielle, E., & Maniatakos, M. (2018). PHYLAX: Snapshot-based profiling of real-time embedded devices via JTAG interface. In Proceedings of the 2018 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2018 (Vol. 2018-January, pp. 869-872). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.23919/DATE.2018.8342128

    PHYLAX : Snapshot-based profiling of real-time embedded devices via JTAG interface. / Konstantinou, Charalambos; Chielle, Eduardo; Maniatakos, Mihalis.

    Proceedings of the 2018 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2018. Vol. 2018-January Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2018. p. 869-872.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Konstantinou, C, Chielle, E & Maniatakos, M 2018, PHYLAX: Snapshot-based profiling of real-time embedded devices via JTAG interface. in Proceedings of the 2018 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2018. vol. 2018-January, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 869-872, 2018 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2018, Dresden, Germany, 3/19/18. https://doi.org/10.23919/DATE.2018.8342128
    Konstantinou C, Chielle E, Maniatakos M. PHYLAX: Snapshot-based profiling of real-time embedded devices via JTAG interface. In Proceedings of the 2018 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2018. Vol. 2018-January. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2018. p. 869-872 https://doi.org/10.23919/DATE.2018.8342128
    Konstantinou, Charalambos ; Chielle, Eduardo ; Maniatakos, Mihalis. / PHYLAX : Snapshot-based profiling of real-time embedded devices via JTAG interface. Proceedings of the 2018 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2018. Vol. 2018-January Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2018. pp. 869-872
    @inproceedings{b4982e5dddd74a68a2cac6326c8c3bab,
    title = "PHYLAX: Snapshot-based profiling of real-time embedded devices via JTAG interface",
    abstract = "Real-time embedded systems play a significant role in the functionality of critical infrastructure. Legacy microprocessor-based embedded systems, however, have not been developed with security in mind. Applying traditional security mechanisms in such systems is challenging due to computing constraints and/or real-time requirements. Their typical 20-30 year lifespan further exacerbates the problem. In this work, we propose PHYLAX, a plug-and-play solution to detect intrusions in already installed embedded devices. PHYLAX is an external monitoring tool which does not require code instrumentation. Also, our tool adapts and prioritizes intrusion detection based on the requirements of the underlying infrastructure (power grid, chemical factory, etc.) as well as the computing capabilities of the target embedded system (CPU model, memory size, etc.). PHYLAX can be employed on any legacy device which incorporates a JTAG interface. As a case study, we present the inclusion of PHYLAX on a power grid recloser controller.",
    author = "Charalambos Konstantinou and Eduardo Chielle and Mihalis Maniatakos",
    year = "2018",
    month = "4",
    day = "19",
    doi = "10.23919/DATE.2018.8342128",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "2018-January",
    pages = "869--872",
    booktitle = "Proceedings of the 2018 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2018",
    publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.",

    }

    TY - GEN

    T1 - PHYLAX

    T2 - Snapshot-based profiling of real-time embedded devices via JTAG interface

    AU - Konstantinou, Charalambos

    AU - Chielle, Eduardo

    AU - Maniatakos, Mihalis

    PY - 2018/4/19

    Y1 - 2018/4/19

    N2 - Real-time embedded systems play a significant role in the functionality of critical infrastructure. Legacy microprocessor-based embedded systems, however, have not been developed with security in mind. Applying traditional security mechanisms in such systems is challenging due to computing constraints and/or real-time requirements. Their typical 20-30 year lifespan further exacerbates the problem. In this work, we propose PHYLAX, a plug-and-play solution to detect intrusions in already installed embedded devices. PHYLAX is an external monitoring tool which does not require code instrumentation. Also, our tool adapts and prioritizes intrusion detection based on the requirements of the underlying infrastructure (power grid, chemical factory, etc.) as well as the computing capabilities of the target embedded system (CPU model, memory size, etc.). PHYLAX can be employed on any legacy device which incorporates a JTAG interface. As a case study, we present the inclusion of PHYLAX on a power grid recloser controller.

    AB - Real-time embedded systems play a significant role in the functionality of critical infrastructure. Legacy microprocessor-based embedded systems, however, have not been developed with security in mind. Applying traditional security mechanisms in such systems is challenging due to computing constraints and/or real-time requirements. Their typical 20-30 year lifespan further exacerbates the problem. In this work, we propose PHYLAX, a plug-and-play solution to detect intrusions in already installed embedded devices. PHYLAX is an external monitoring tool which does not require code instrumentation. Also, our tool adapts and prioritizes intrusion detection based on the requirements of the underlying infrastructure (power grid, chemical factory, etc.) as well as the computing capabilities of the target embedded system (CPU model, memory size, etc.). PHYLAX can be employed on any legacy device which incorporates a JTAG interface. As a case study, we present the inclusion of PHYLAX on a power grid recloser controller.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85048789841&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85048789841&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.23919/DATE.2018.8342128

    DO - 10.23919/DATE.2018.8342128

    M3 - Conference contribution

    VL - 2018-January

    SP - 869

    EP - 872

    BT - Proceedings of the 2018 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2018

    PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

    ER -