Photovoltaic manufacturing: Present status, future prospects, and research needs

Colin A. Wolden, Juanita Kurtin, Jason B. Baxter, Ingrid Repins, Sean E. Shaheen, John T. Torvik, Angus A. Rockett, Vasilis M. Fthenakis, Eray Aydil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In May 2010 the United States National Science Foundation sponsored a two-day workshop to review the state-of-the-art and research challenges in photovoltaic (PV) manufacturing. This article summarizes the major conclusions and outcomes from this workshop, which was focused on identifying the science that needs to be done to help accelerate PV manufacturing. A significant portion of the article focuses on assessing the current status of and future opportunities in the major PV manufacturing technologies. These are solar cells based on crystalline silicon (c-Si), thin films of cadmium telluride (CdTe), thin films of copper indium gallium diselenide, and thin films of hydrogenated amorphous and nanocrystalline silicon. Current trends indicate that the cost per watt of c-Si and CdTe solar cells are being reduced to levels beyond the constraints commonly associated with these technologies. With a focus on TW/yr production capacity, the issue of material availability is discussed along with the emerging technologies of dye-sensitized solar cells and organic photovoltaics that are potentially less constrained by elemental abundance. Lastly, recommendations are made for research investment, with an emphasis on those areas that are expected to have cross-cutting impact.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number030801
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2011

Fingerprint

Cadmium telluride
cadmium tellurides
manufacturing
solar cells
Silicon
Thin films
Solar cells
silicon
thin films
Crystalline materials
Nanocrystalline silicon
Gallium
Indium
Amorphous silicon
recommendations
amorphous silicon
gallium
availability
indium
Copper

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Photovoltaic manufacturing : Present status, future prospects, and research needs. / Wolden, Colin A.; Kurtin, Juanita; Baxter, Jason B.; Repins, Ingrid; Shaheen, Sean E.; Torvik, John T.; Rockett, Angus A.; Fthenakis, Vasilis M.; Aydil, Eray.

In: Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films, Vol. 29, No. 3, 030801, 01.05.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wolden, CA, Kurtin, J, Baxter, JB, Repins, I, Shaheen, SE, Torvik, JT, Rockett, AA, Fthenakis, VM & Aydil, E 2011, 'Photovoltaic manufacturing: Present status, future prospects, and research needs', Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films, vol. 29, no. 3, 030801. https://doi.org/10.1116/1.3569757
Wolden, Colin A. ; Kurtin, Juanita ; Baxter, Jason B. ; Repins, Ingrid ; Shaheen, Sean E. ; Torvik, John T. ; Rockett, Angus A. ; Fthenakis, Vasilis M. ; Aydil, Eray. / Photovoltaic manufacturing : Present status, future prospects, and research needs. In: Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films. 2011 ; Vol. 29, No. 3.
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