Phonagnosia

A dissociation between familiar and unfamiliar voices

D. Roupas van Lancker, J. L. Cummings, J. Kreiman, B. H. Dobkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A dissociation between facial recognition and facial discrimination is well known, but investigations of 'phonagnosia' (impairment of voice recognition and discrimination) have not been pursued. Using familiar and unfamiliar voices as stimuli, a marked difference between the ability to recognize familiar voice and the ability to discriminate between unfamiliar voice and the ability to discriminate between unfamilar voices was identified in five patients, and a sixth showed a severe impairment in both tasks. Clinical and radiologic findings in these cases suggest that recognition of familiar voices is impaired by damage to intferior and lateral parietal regions of the right hemisphere, whereas impairment of voice discrimination abilities is associated with temporal lobe damage of either hemisphere. This dissociation of recognition and discrimination of the human voice suggest that these two functions are mediated by different brain structures and may contribute differentially to clinical syndromes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-209
Number of pages15
JournalCortex
Volume24
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1988

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Aptitude
Parietal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Discrimination (Psychology)
Brain
Recognition (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Roupas van Lancker, D., Cummings, J. L., Kreiman, J., & Dobkin, B. H. (1988). Phonagnosia: A dissociation between familiar and unfamiliar voices. Cortex, 24(2), 195-209.

Phonagnosia : A dissociation between familiar and unfamiliar voices. / Roupas van Lancker, D.; Cummings, J. L.; Kreiman, J.; Dobkin, B. H.

In: Cortex, Vol. 24, No. 2, 1988, p. 195-209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Roupas van Lancker, D, Cummings, JL, Kreiman, J & Dobkin, BH 1988, 'Phonagnosia: A dissociation between familiar and unfamiliar voices', Cortex, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 195-209.
Roupas van Lancker D, Cummings JL, Kreiman J, Dobkin BH. Phonagnosia: A dissociation between familiar and unfamiliar voices. Cortex. 1988;24(2):195-209.
Roupas van Lancker, D. ; Cummings, J. L. ; Kreiman, J. ; Dobkin, B. H. / Phonagnosia : A dissociation between familiar and unfamiliar voices. In: Cortex. 1988 ; Vol. 24, No. 2. pp. 195-209.
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