### Abstract

A point-like particle of finite mass m, moving in a one-dimensional viscous environment and biased by a spatially dependent force, is considered. We present a rigorous mapping of the 1D Fokker-Planck (Kramers) equation, which determines evolution of the particle density in phase space, onto the spatial coordinate x. The result is the Smoluchowski equation, valid in the overdamped limit, m → 0, with a series of corrections expanded in powers of m/γ, γ denotes the friction coefficient. The corrections are determined unambiguously within the recurrence mapping procedure. The method and the results are interpreted on the simplest model with no field and on the damped harmonic oscillator.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 1135-1155 |

Number of pages | 21 |

Journal | Journal of Statistical Physics |

Volume | 148 |

Issue number | 6 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Sep 1 2012 |

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### Keywords

- Confined diffusion
- Inertial effects
- Mapping
- Smoluchowski equation

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Mathematical Physics

### Cite this

*Journal of Statistical Physics*,

*148*(6), 1135-1155. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10955-012-0570-2