Pervasive exposure to violence and posttraumatic stress disorder in a predominantly African American Urban Community: The Detroit neighborhood health study

Emily Goldmann, Allison Aiello, Monica Uddin, Jorge Delva, Karestan Koenen, Larry M. Gant, Sandro Galea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Exposure to traumatic events is common, particularly among economically disadvantaged, urban African Americans. There is, however, scant data on the psychological consequences of exposure to traumatic events in this group. We assessed experience with traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among 1,306 randomly selected, African American residents of Detroit. Lifetime prevalence of exposure to at least 1 traumatic event was 87.2% (assault = 51.0%). African Americans from Detroit have a relatively high burden of PTSD; 17.1% of those who experienced a traumatic event met criteria for probable lifetime PTSD. Assaultive violence is pervasive and is more likely to be associated with subsequent PTSD than other types of events. Further efforts to prevent violence and increase access to mental health treatment could reduce the mental health burden in economically disadvantaged urban areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)747-751
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
African Americans
Health
Vulnerable Populations
Violence
Traumatic Stress Disorders
Mental Health
Psychology
Exposure to Violence
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Pervasive exposure to violence and posttraumatic stress disorder in a predominantly African American Urban Community : The Detroit neighborhood health study. / Goldmann, Emily; Aiello, Allison; Uddin, Monica; Delva, Jorge; Koenen, Karestan; Gant, Larry M.; Galea, Sandro.

In: Journal of Traumatic Stress, Vol. 24, No. 6, 12.2011, p. 747-751.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Goldmann, Emily ; Aiello, Allison ; Uddin, Monica ; Delva, Jorge ; Koenen, Karestan ; Gant, Larry M. ; Galea, Sandro. / Pervasive exposure to violence and posttraumatic stress disorder in a predominantly African American Urban Community : The Detroit neighborhood health study. In: Journal of Traumatic Stress. 2011 ; Vol. 24, No. 6. pp. 747-751.
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