Personality and its Relation to Mental and Psychosocial Health in Emerging Adult Sexual Minority Men: The P18 Cohort Study

Paul A. D'Avanzo, Staci C. Barton, Farzana Kapadia, Perry N. Halkitis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Personality disorder and personality pathology encompass a dimension of psychological dysfunction known to severely impact multiple domains of functioning. However, there is a notable dearth of research regarding both the pervasiveness and correlates of personality pathology among young sexual minority males who themselves experience heightened mental health burdens. Using the self-report version of the Standardized Assessment of Personality-Abbreviated Scale we tested associations between distinct personality characteristics with sociodemographic and psychosocial factors as well as mental health states in a sample of 528 young (aged 21–25 years) sexual minority men. In multivariate analysis, personality traits varied significantly by race/ethnicity. Personality traits were also positively associated with psychosocial states, specifically, internalized anti-homosexual bias, level of connection with the gay community, and male body dissatisfaction, as well as mental health in the form of recent depressive and anxious symptomatology. These findings support the complex synergy which exists between personality characteristics, psychosocial conditions, and mental health burdens present among sexual minority men and support the need for an all-encompassing approach to both the study and care of this population that addresses the influences of both internal and external factors on well-being.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-199
Number of pages9
JournalBehavioral Medicine
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2017

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Keywords

  • emerging adult
  • gay and bisexual men
  • mental health
  • personality
  • urban

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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