Personal, relational, and peer-level risk factors for laboratory confirmed STD prevalence among low-income African American adolescent females

Laura F. Salazar, Richard A. Crosby, Ralph J. Diclemente, Gina M. Wingood, Eve Rose, Jessica Mcdermott Sales, Angela M. Caliendo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for laboratory confirmed sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevalence among low-income African American adolescent females living in a high-risk urban area of the Southern United States. METHODS: Participants were 715 African American adolescent females recruited from urban clinics. Data collection occurred from 2002 to 2004 and included an audio-computer assisted self-interview lasting about 60 minutes and a self-collected vaginal swab for NAAT to detect Trichomonas vaginalis, Chlamydia trachomatis, and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Ten personal-level risk factors were assessed as well as 8 risk factors involving either peer or relational factors. RESULTS: Adolescents (28.8%) tested positive for at least 1 STD. Six personal-level and 4 social-level measures achieved a bivariate screening level of significance. In the multivariate model, only 3 measures achieved significance: gang involvement, social support from peers, and fear of condom use negotiation. Compared to those who had never belonged to a gang, those who had were about 4.2 times more likely (95% CI = 2.16-9.44) to test positive. Adolescents' who had higher levels of fear pertaining to condom use negotiation were more likely to test positive as were adolescents who perceived higher levels of social support from their peers. CONCLUSIONS: This finding suggests and supports the utility of designing interventions for high-risk African American adolescent females that incorporate objectives to modify the significant social influences related to STD acquisition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)761-766
Number of pages6
JournalSexually Transmitted Diseases
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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