### Abstract

This paper is devoted to the persistence issue for chemostat models with an arbitrary number of species competing for a single limiting substrate. On the one hand, fundamental limitations of nonlinear feedback control exist for the persistence in some chemostats. That is, there exist some bounded periodic trajectories for which there is no feedback control law guaranteeing trajectory-stabilization. On the other hand, for other families of growth rates, it is shown that a dilution rate and input substrate time-varying nonlinear controllers can be designed so that a positive trajectory of the chemostat model becomes globally asymptotically stable. In this case, the designed control laws ensure persistence of all the species. A local version of this result is given in the situation where only the substrate concentration is available for feedback design.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 737-763 |

Number of pages | 27 |

Journal | Dynamics of Continuous, Discrete and Impulsive Systems Series A: Mathematical Analysis |

Volume | 17 |

Issue number | 6 |

State | Published - Dec 15 2010 |

### Keywords

- Asymptotic stabilization
- Chemostat
- Control
- Nonlinear
- Persistence

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Analysis
- Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
- Applied Mathematics