Performance of the apache point observatory galactic evolution experiment (APOGEE) high-resolution near-infrared multi-object fiber spectrograph

John C. Wilson, F. Hearty, M. F. Skrutskie, S. R. Majewski, R. Schiavon, D. Eisenstein, J. Gunn, J. Holtzman, D. Nidever, B. Gillespie, D. Weinberg, B. Blank, C. Henderson, S. Smee, R. Barkhouser, A. Harding, S. Hope, G. Fitzgerald, T. Stolberg, J. ArnsM. Nelson, S. Brunner, A. Burton, E. Walker, C. Lam, P. Maseman, J. Barr, F. Leger, L. Carey, N. MacDonald, G. Ebelke, S. Beland, T. Horne, E. Young, G. Rieke, M. Rieke, T. O'Brien, J. Crane, M. Carr, C. Harrison, R. Stoll, M. Vernieri, M. Shetrone, C. Allende-Prieto, J. Johnson, P. Frinchaboy, G. Zasowski, A. Garcia Perez, D. Bizyaev, K. Cunha, V. V. Smith, Sz Meszaros, B. Zhao, M. Hayden, S. D. Chojnowski, B. Andrews, C. Loomis, R. Owen, M. Klaene, J. Brinkmann, F. Stauffer, D. Long, W. Jordan, D. Holder, F. Cope, T. Naugle, B. Pfaffenberger, D. Schlegel, M. Blanton, D. Muna, B. Weaver, S. Snedden, K. Pan, H. Brewington, E. Malanushenko, V. Malanushenko, A. Simmons, D. Oravetz, S. Mahadevan, S. Halverson

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Abstract

    The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) uses a dedicated 300-fiber, narrow-band near-infrared (1.51-1.7 μm), high resolution (R~22,500) spectrograph to survey approximately 100,000 giant stars across the Milky Way. This three-year survey, in operation since late-summer 2011 as part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS III), will revolutionize our understanding of the kinematical and chemical enrichment histories of all Galactic stellar populations. We present the performance of the instrument from its first year in operation. The instrument is housed in a separate building adjacent to the 2.5-m SDSS telescope and fed light via approximately 45-meter fiber runs from the telescope. The instrument design includes numerous innovations including a gang connector that allows simultaneous connection of all fibers with a single plug to a telescope cartridge that positions the fibers on the sky, numerous places in the fiber train in which focal ratio degradation had to be minimized, a large mosaic-VPH (290 mm x 475 mm elliptically-shaped recorded area), an f/1.4 six-element refractive camera featuring silicon and fused silica elements with diameters as large as 393 mm, three near-infrared detectors mounted in a 1 x 3 mosaic with sub-pixel translation capability, and all of these components housed within a custom, LN2-cooled, stainless steel vacuum cryostat with dimensions 1.4-m x 2.3-m x 1.3-m.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV
    Volume8446
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2012
    EventGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV - Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Duration: Jul 1 2012Jul 6 2012

    Other

    OtherGround-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV
    CountryNetherlands
    CityAmsterdam
    Period7/1/127/6/12

    Fingerprint

    Spectrographs
    Spectrograph
    galactic evolution
    Observatories
    Observatory
    spectrographs
    observatories
    Infrared
    High Resolution
    Fiber
    Infrared radiation
    fibers
    Fibers
    Telescopes
    high resolution
    Telescope
    Experiment
    telescopes
    Experiments
    cartridges

    Keywords

    • Fiber
    • Multi-object
    • Near-Infrared
    • Spectroscopy
    • VPH

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Applied Mathematics
    • Computer Science Applications
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Condensed Matter Physics

    Cite this

    Wilson, J. C., Hearty, F., Skrutskie, M. F., Majewski, S. R., Schiavon, R., Eisenstein, D., ... Halverson, S. (2012). Performance of the apache point observatory galactic evolution experiment (APOGEE) high-resolution near-infrared multi-object fiber spectrograph. In Ground-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV (Vol. 8446). [84460H] https://doi.org/10.1117/12.927140

    Performance of the apache point observatory galactic evolution experiment (APOGEE) high-resolution near-infrared multi-object fiber spectrograph. / Wilson, John C.; Hearty, F.; Skrutskie, M. F.; Majewski, S. R.; Schiavon, R.; Eisenstein, D.; Gunn, J.; Holtzman, J.; Nidever, D.; Gillespie, B.; Weinberg, D.; Blank, B.; Henderson, C.; Smee, S.; Barkhouser, R.; Harding, A.; Hope, S.; Fitzgerald, G.; Stolberg, T.; Arns, J.; Nelson, M.; Brunner, S.; Burton, A.; Walker, E.; Lam, C.; Maseman, P.; Barr, J.; Leger, F.; Carey, L.; MacDonald, N.; Ebelke, G.; Beland, S.; Horne, T.; Young, E.; Rieke, G.; Rieke, M.; O'Brien, T.; Crane, J.; Carr, M.; Harrison, C.; Stoll, R.; Vernieri, M.; Shetrone, M.; Allende-Prieto, C.; Johnson, J.; Frinchaboy, P.; Zasowski, G.; Garcia Perez, A.; Bizyaev, D.; Cunha, K.; Smith, V. V.; Meszaros, Sz; Zhao, B.; Hayden, M.; Chojnowski, S. D.; Andrews, B.; Loomis, C.; Owen, R.; Klaene, M.; Brinkmann, J.; Stauffer, F.; Long, D.; Jordan, W.; Holder, D.; Cope, F.; Naugle, T.; Pfaffenberger, B.; Schlegel, D.; Blanton, M.; Muna, D.; Weaver, B.; Snedden, S.; Pan, K.; Brewington, H.; Malanushenko, E.; Malanushenko, V.; Simmons, A.; Oravetz, D.; Mahadevan, S.; Halverson, S.

    Ground-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV. Vol. 8446 2012. 84460H.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    Wilson, JC, Hearty, F, Skrutskie, MF, Majewski, SR, Schiavon, R, Eisenstein, D, Gunn, J, Holtzman, J, Nidever, D, Gillespie, B, Weinberg, D, Blank, B, Henderson, C, Smee, S, Barkhouser, R, Harding, A, Hope, S, Fitzgerald, G, Stolberg, T, Arns, J, Nelson, M, Brunner, S, Burton, A, Walker, E, Lam, C, Maseman, P, Barr, J, Leger, F, Carey, L, MacDonald, N, Ebelke, G, Beland, S, Horne, T, Young, E, Rieke, G, Rieke, M, O'Brien, T, Crane, J, Carr, M, Harrison, C, Stoll, R, Vernieri, M, Shetrone, M, Allende-Prieto, C, Johnson, J, Frinchaboy, P, Zasowski, G, Garcia Perez, A, Bizyaev, D, Cunha, K, Smith, VV, Meszaros, S, Zhao, B, Hayden, M, Chojnowski, SD, Andrews, B, Loomis, C, Owen, R, Klaene, M, Brinkmann, J, Stauffer, F, Long, D, Jordan, W, Holder, D, Cope, F, Naugle, T, Pfaffenberger, B, Schlegel, D, Blanton, M, Muna, D, Weaver, B, Snedden, S, Pan, K, Brewington, H, Malanushenko, E, Malanushenko, V, Simmons, A, Oravetz, D, Mahadevan, S & Halverson, S 2012, Performance of the apache point observatory galactic evolution experiment (APOGEE) high-resolution near-infrared multi-object fiber spectrograph. in Ground-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV. vol. 8446, 84460H, Ground-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 7/1/12. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.927140
    Wilson JC, Hearty F, Skrutskie MF, Majewski SR, Schiavon R, Eisenstein D et al. Performance of the apache point observatory galactic evolution experiment (APOGEE) high-resolution near-infrared multi-object fiber spectrograph. In Ground-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV. Vol. 8446. 2012. 84460H https://doi.org/10.1117/12.927140
    Wilson, John C. ; Hearty, F. ; Skrutskie, M. F. ; Majewski, S. R. ; Schiavon, R. ; Eisenstein, D. ; Gunn, J. ; Holtzman, J. ; Nidever, D. ; Gillespie, B. ; Weinberg, D. ; Blank, B. ; Henderson, C. ; Smee, S. ; Barkhouser, R. ; Harding, A. ; Hope, S. ; Fitzgerald, G. ; Stolberg, T. ; Arns, J. ; Nelson, M. ; Brunner, S. ; Burton, A. ; Walker, E. ; Lam, C. ; Maseman, P. ; Barr, J. ; Leger, F. ; Carey, L. ; MacDonald, N. ; Ebelke, G. ; Beland, S. ; Horne, T. ; Young, E. ; Rieke, G. ; Rieke, M. ; O'Brien, T. ; Crane, J. ; Carr, M. ; Harrison, C. ; Stoll, R. ; Vernieri, M. ; Shetrone, M. ; Allende-Prieto, C. ; Johnson, J. ; Frinchaboy, P. ; Zasowski, G. ; Garcia Perez, A. ; Bizyaev, D. ; Cunha, K. ; Smith, V. V. ; Meszaros, Sz ; Zhao, B. ; Hayden, M. ; Chojnowski, S. D. ; Andrews, B. ; Loomis, C. ; Owen, R. ; Klaene, M. ; Brinkmann, J. ; Stauffer, F. ; Long, D. ; Jordan, W. ; Holder, D. ; Cope, F. ; Naugle, T. ; Pfaffenberger, B. ; Schlegel, D. ; Blanton, M. ; Muna, D. ; Weaver, B. ; Snedden, S. ; Pan, K. ; Brewington, H. ; Malanushenko, E. ; Malanushenko, V. ; Simmons, A. ; Oravetz, D. ; Mahadevan, S. ; Halverson, S. / Performance of the apache point observatory galactic evolution experiment (APOGEE) high-resolution near-infrared multi-object fiber spectrograph. Ground-Based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy IV. Vol. 8446 2012.
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    title = "Performance of the apache point observatory galactic evolution experiment (APOGEE) high-resolution near-infrared multi-object fiber spectrograph",
    abstract = "The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) uses a dedicated 300-fiber, narrow-band near-infrared (1.51-1.7 μm), high resolution (R~22,500) spectrograph to survey approximately 100,000 giant stars across the Milky Way. This three-year survey, in operation since late-summer 2011 as part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS III), will revolutionize our understanding of the kinematical and chemical enrichment histories of all Galactic stellar populations. We present the performance of the instrument from its first year in operation. The instrument is housed in a separate building adjacent to the 2.5-m SDSS telescope and fed light via approximately 45-meter fiber runs from the telescope. The instrument design includes numerous innovations including a gang connector that allows simultaneous connection of all fibers with a single plug to a telescope cartridge that positions the fibers on the sky, numerous places in the fiber train in which focal ratio degradation had to be minimized, a large mosaic-VPH (290 mm x 475 mm elliptically-shaped recorded area), an f/1.4 six-element refractive camera featuring silicon and fused silica elements with diameters as large as 393 mm, three near-infrared detectors mounted in a 1 x 3 mosaic with sub-pixel translation capability, and all of these components housed within a custom, LN2-cooled, stainless steel vacuum cryostat with dimensions 1.4-m x 2.3-m x 1.3-m.",
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    doi = "10.1117/12.927140",
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    TY - GEN

    T1 - Performance of the apache point observatory galactic evolution experiment (APOGEE) high-resolution near-infrared multi-object fiber spectrograph

    AU - Wilson, John C.

    AU - Hearty, F.

    AU - Skrutskie, M. F.

    AU - Majewski, S. R.

    AU - Schiavon, R.

    AU - Eisenstein, D.

    AU - Gunn, J.

    AU - Holtzman, J.

    AU - Nidever, D.

    AU - Gillespie, B.

    AU - Weinberg, D.

    AU - Blank, B.

    AU - Henderson, C.

    AU - Smee, S.

    AU - Barkhouser, R.

    AU - Harding, A.

    AU - Hope, S.

    AU - Fitzgerald, G.

    AU - Stolberg, T.

    AU - Arns, J.

    AU - Nelson, M.

    AU - Brunner, S.

    AU - Burton, A.

    AU - Walker, E.

    AU - Lam, C.

    AU - Maseman, P.

    AU - Barr, J.

    AU - Leger, F.

    AU - Carey, L.

    AU - MacDonald, N.

    AU - Ebelke, G.

    AU - Beland, S.

    AU - Horne, T.

    AU - Young, E.

    AU - Rieke, G.

    AU - Rieke, M.

    AU - O'Brien, T.

    AU - Crane, J.

    AU - Carr, M.

    AU - Harrison, C.

    AU - Stoll, R.

    AU - Vernieri, M.

    AU - Shetrone, M.

    AU - Allende-Prieto, C.

    AU - Johnson, J.

    AU - Frinchaboy, P.

    AU - Zasowski, G.

    AU - Garcia Perez, A.

    AU - Bizyaev, D.

    AU - Cunha, K.

    AU - Smith, V. V.

    AU - Meszaros, Sz

    AU - Zhao, B.

    AU - Hayden, M.

    AU - Chojnowski, S. D.

    AU - Andrews, B.

    AU - Loomis, C.

    AU - Owen, R.

    AU - Klaene, M.

    AU - Brinkmann, J.

    AU - Stauffer, F.

    AU - Long, D.

    AU - Jordan, W.

    AU - Holder, D.

    AU - Cope, F.

    AU - Naugle, T.

    AU - Pfaffenberger, B.

    AU - Schlegel, D.

    AU - Blanton, M.

    AU - Muna, D.

    AU - Weaver, B.

    AU - Snedden, S.

    AU - Pan, K.

    AU - Brewington, H.

    AU - Malanushenko, E.

    AU - Malanushenko, V.

    AU - Simmons, A.

    AU - Oravetz, D.

    AU - Mahadevan, S.

    AU - Halverson, S.

    PY - 2012

    Y1 - 2012

    N2 - The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) uses a dedicated 300-fiber, narrow-band near-infrared (1.51-1.7 μm), high resolution (R~22,500) spectrograph to survey approximately 100,000 giant stars across the Milky Way. This three-year survey, in operation since late-summer 2011 as part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS III), will revolutionize our understanding of the kinematical and chemical enrichment histories of all Galactic stellar populations. We present the performance of the instrument from its first year in operation. The instrument is housed in a separate building adjacent to the 2.5-m SDSS telescope and fed light via approximately 45-meter fiber runs from the telescope. The instrument design includes numerous innovations including a gang connector that allows simultaneous connection of all fibers with a single plug to a telescope cartridge that positions the fibers on the sky, numerous places in the fiber train in which focal ratio degradation had to be minimized, a large mosaic-VPH (290 mm x 475 mm elliptically-shaped recorded area), an f/1.4 six-element refractive camera featuring silicon and fused silica elements with diameters as large as 393 mm, three near-infrared detectors mounted in a 1 x 3 mosaic with sub-pixel translation capability, and all of these components housed within a custom, LN2-cooled, stainless steel vacuum cryostat with dimensions 1.4-m x 2.3-m x 1.3-m.

    AB - The Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE) uses a dedicated 300-fiber, narrow-band near-infrared (1.51-1.7 μm), high resolution (R~22,500) spectrograph to survey approximately 100,000 giant stars across the Milky Way. This three-year survey, in operation since late-summer 2011 as part of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS III), will revolutionize our understanding of the kinematical and chemical enrichment histories of all Galactic stellar populations. We present the performance of the instrument from its first year in operation. The instrument is housed in a separate building adjacent to the 2.5-m SDSS telescope and fed light via approximately 45-meter fiber runs from the telescope. The instrument design includes numerous innovations including a gang connector that allows simultaneous connection of all fibers with a single plug to a telescope cartridge that positions the fibers on the sky, numerous places in the fiber train in which focal ratio degradation had to be minimized, a large mosaic-VPH (290 mm x 475 mm elliptically-shaped recorded area), an f/1.4 six-element refractive camera featuring silicon and fused silica elements with diameters as large as 393 mm, three near-infrared detectors mounted in a 1 x 3 mosaic with sub-pixel translation capability, and all of these components housed within a custom, LN2-cooled, stainless steel vacuum cryostat with dimensions 1.4-m x 2.3-m x 1.3-m.

    KW - Fiber

    KW - Multi-object

    KW - Near-Infrared

    KW - Spectroscopy

    KW - VPH

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    DO - 10.1117/12.927140

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