Performance and applications of cooled composite bolometers in the field of ionizing radiation metrology

N. Coursol, N. Coron, D. Massé, H. Stroke, J. W. Zhou, P. de Marcillac, J. Leblanc, G. Artzner, G. Dambier, J. Bouchard, G. Jegoudez, J. P. Lepeltier, G. Nollez, C. Golbach, J. L. Picolo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Two major limitations met in the field of ionizing radiation metrology, i.e. energy resolution and detection energy threshold, may be improved by one or two orders of magnitude by using composite bolometers cooled below 300 mK and operating in the pulse mode. The major advantages are: possibility of choosing the absorber (from diamond to BGO: Al2O3, Ge, Si, BaF2, LiF, etc), the absence of statistical noise (phonon quanta are in the 10-4 eV range) and ultimate resolution in the 10-1 eV range for small bolometers. The theoretical and experimental limits are analyzed and solutions for extraneous noise limitations in a complete system are described. The most recent results in alpha-particle and gamma-ray spectrometry using a new design, the composite-composite bolometer, are given. In these, a resolution of 10.5 keV was obtained for 6 MeV alpha particles and < 2.5 keV for 241Am 18 keV X rays using a 24 sapphire bolometer. The ideal bolometer concept is also discussed. In this, the simultaneous detection of quanta (due to ionization, fluorescence, ballistic phonons) and thermal energies will make it possible to have lower thresholds by amplification in the target. It should thus be possible to determine the characteristics of the particles (their precise arrival time and the positions of the impacts) and provide improvements in the field of integral counting for the absolute measurement of radioactivity.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)24-33
    Number of pages10
    JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
    Volume312
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Feb 1 1992

    Fingerprint

    Bolometers
    Ionizing radiation
    bolometers
    ionizing radiation
    metrology
    composite materials
    Composite materials
    Alpha particles
    alpha particles
    thresholds
    Radioactivity
    Phonons
    Ballistics
    radioactivity
    Thermal energy
    thermal energy
    Sapphire
    Gamma rays
    ballistics
    Spectrometry

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Instrumentation
    • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

    Cite this

    Performance and applications of cooled composite bolometers in the field of ionizing radiation metrology. / Coursol, N.; Coron, N.; Massé, D.; Stroke, H.; Zhou, J. W.; de Marcillac, P.; Leblanc, J.; Artzner, G.; Dambier, G.; Bouchard, J.; Jegoudez, G.; Lepeltier, J. P.; Nollez, G.; Golbach, C.; Picolo, J. L.

    In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 312, No. 1-2, 01.02.1992, p. 24-33.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Coursol, N, Coron, N, Massé, D, Stroke, H, Zhou, JW, de Marcillac, P, Leblanc, J, Artzner, G, Dambier, G, Bouchard, J, Jegoudez, G, Lepeltier, JP, Nollez, G, Golbach, C & Picolo, JL 1992, 'Performance and applications of cooled composite bolometers in the field of ionizing radiation metrology', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 312, no. 1-2, pp. 24-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-9002(92)90121-J
    Coursol, N. ; Coron, N. ; Massé, D. ; Stroke, H. ; Zhou, J. W. ; de Marcillac, P. ; Leblanc, J. ; Artzner, G. ; Dambier, G. ; Bouchard, J. ; Jegoudez, G. ; Lepeltier, J. P. ; Nollez, G. ; Golbach, C. ; Picolo, J. L. / Performance and applications of cooled composite bolometers in the field of ionizing radiation metrology. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 1992 ; Vol. 312, No. 1-2. pp. 24-33.
    @article{15662c854a7a461b9bb61d52332aa9c5,
    title = "Performance and applications of cooled composite bolometers in the field of ionizing radiation metrology",
    abstract = "Two major limitations met in the field of ionizing radiation metrology, i.e. energy resolution and detection energy threshold, may be improved by one or two orders of magnitude by using composite bolometers cooled below 300 mK and operating in the pulse mode. The major advantages are: possibility of choosing the absorber (from diamond to BGO: Al2O3, Ge, Si, BaF2, LiF, etc), the absence of statistical noise (phonon quanta are in the 10-4 eV range) and ultimate resolution in the 10-1 eV range for small bolometers. The theoretical and experimental limits are analyzed and solutions for extraneous noise limitations in a complete system are described. The most recent results in alpha-particle and gamma-ray spectrometry using a new design, the composite-composite bolometer, are given. In these, a resolution of 10.5 keV was obtained for 6 MeV alpha particles and < 2.5 keV for 241Am 18 keV X rays using a 24 sapphire bolometer. The ideal bolometer concept is also discussed. In this, the simultaneous detection of quanta (due to ionization, fluorescence, ballistic phonons) and thermal energies will make it possible to have lower thresholds by amplification in the target. It should thus be possible to determine the characteristics of the particles (their precise arrival time and the positions of the impacts) and provide improvements in the field of integral counting for the absolute measurement of radioactivity.",
    author = "N. Coursol and N. Coron and D. Mass{\'e} and H. Stroke and Zhou, {J. W.} and {de Marcillac}, P. and J. Leblanc and G. Artzner and G. Dambier and J. Bouchard and G. Jegoudez and Lepeltier, {J. P.} and G. Nollez and C. Golbach and Picolo, {J. L.}",
    year = "1992",
    month = "2",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1016/0168-9002(92)90121-J",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "312",
    pages = "24--33",
    journal = "Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment",
    issn = "0168-9002",
    publisher = "Elsevier",
    number = "1-2",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Performance and applications of cooled composite bolometers in the field of ionizing radiation metrology

    AU - Coursol, N.

    AU - Coron, N.

    AU - Massé, D.

    AU - Stroke, H.

    AU - Zhou, J. W.

    AU - de Marcillac, P.

    AU - Leblanc, J.

    AU - Artzner, G.

    AU - Dambier, G.

    AU - Bouchard, J.

    AU - Jegoudez, G.

    AU - Lepeltier, J. P.

    AU - Nollez, G.

    AU - Golbach, C.

    AU - Picolo, J. L.

    PY - 1992/2/1

    Y1 - 1992/2/1

    N2 - Two major limitations met in the field of ionizing radiation metrology, i.e. energy resolution and detection energy threshold, may be improved by one or two orders of magnitude by using composite bolometers cooled below 300 mK and operating in the pulse mode. The major advantages are: possibility of choosing the absorber (from diamond to BGO: Al2O3, Ge, Si, BaF2, LiF, etc), the absence of statistical noise (phonon quanta are in the 10-4 eV range) and ultimate resolution in the 10-1 eV range for small bolometers. The theoretical and experimental limits are analyzed and solutions for extraneous noise limitations in a complete system are described. The most recent results in alpha-particle and gamma-ray spectrometry using a new design, the composite-composite bolometer, are given. In these, a resolution of 10.5 keV was obtained for 6 MeV alpha particles and < 2.5 keV for 241Am 18 keV X rays using a 24 sapphire bolometer. The ideal bolometer concept is also discussed. In this, the simultaneous detection of quanta (due to ionization, fluorescence, ballistic phonons) and thermal energies will make it possible to have lower thresholds by amplification in the target. It should thus be possible to determine the characteristics of the particles (their precise arrival time and the positions of the impacts) and provide improvements in the field of integral counting for the absolute measurement of radioactivity.

    AB - Two major limitations met in the field of ionizing radiation metrology, i.e. energy resolution and detection energy threshold, may be improved by one or two orders of magnitude by using composite bolometers cooled below 300 mK and operating in the pulse mode. The major advantages are: possibility of choosing the absorber (from diamond to BGO: Al2O3, Ge, Si, BaF2, LiF, etc), the absence of statistical noise (phonon quanta are in the 10-4 eV range) and ultimate resolution in the 10-1 eV range for small bolometers. The theoretical and experimental limits are analyzed and solutions for extraneous noise limitations in a complete system are described. The most recent results in alpha-particle and gamma-ray spectrometry using a new design, the composite-composite bolometer, are given. In these, a resolution of 10.5 keV was obtained for 6 MeV alpha particles and < 2.5 keV for 241Am 18 keV X rays using a 24 sapphire bolometer. The ideal bolometer concept is also discussed. In this, the simultaneous detection of quanta (due to ionization, fluorescence, ballistic phonons) and thermal energies will make it possible to have lower thresholds by amplification in the target. It should thus be possible to determine the characteristics of the particles (their precise arrival time and the positions of the impacts) and provide improvements in the field of integral counting for the absolute measurement of radioactivity.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0001975613&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0001975613&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1016/0168-9002(92)90121-J

    DO - 10.1016/0168-9002(92)90121-J

    M3 - Article

    AN - SCOPUS:0001975613

    VL - 312

    SP - 24

    EP - 33

    JO - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

    JF - Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment

    SN - 0168-9002

    IS - 1-2

    ER -