Pediatric Pain and Anxiety: A Meta-Analysis of Outcomes for a Behavioral Telehealth Intervention

Gary Holden, David J. Bearison, Diane C. Rode, Merri Fishman-Kapiloff, Gary Rosenberg, Patrick Onghena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objectives: This study sought to explore the utility of using single system designs (SSD) in an optimal set of circumstances. The effects of a computer network intervention on three outcomes (pain intensity, pain aversiveness, and anxiety) were examined. Method: Meta-analysis of three studies using restricted alternating treatment designs was conducted. Results: Children reported significantly less pain intensity, pain aversiveness, and anxiety in the SBW condition than in the GPM condition. Both sex and age moderated these effects. Conclusions: An SSD/meta-analysis approach can provide multiple views of the impact of an intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)693-704
Number of pages12
JournalResearch on Social Work Practice
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2003



  • Anxiety
  • Meta-analysis
  • Pain
  • Single subject design
  • Technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this