Patterns of Supportive Mothering with 1-, 2-, and 3-Year-Olds by Ethnicity in Early Head Start

Allison Sidle Fuligni, Christy Brady-Smith, Catherine Tamis-Lemonda, Robert H. Bradley, Rachel Chazan-Cohen, Lisa Boyce, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective. To examine patterns of supportive parenting during the first three years of life in low-income families from three ethnic backgrounds and document associations between these patterns and measures of children's development. Design. Mothers' supportiveness was longitudinally assessed from videotaped parent-child play interactions at 1, 2, and 3 years of age in 1,095 low-income European American, African American, and Latin American mothers and their children who participated in Early Head Start. Links between mothering and 5-year-olds' outcomes were examined. Results. Cluster analysis performed separately for the three ethnic groups identified four patterns of supportiveness over time: High Stable, Low Stable, Increasing, and Decreasing. Similar proportions of mothers in each ethnic group displayed each pattern. Ethnic differences in mean levels of supportiveness within each pattern were found, and different correlates for each group emerged. Conclusions. The same four patterns were identified in all three ethnic groups, but the percentages and mean levels differed, such that fewer African Americans and Latin Americans would have been designated as high stable if analyses had been done for the total sample. The benefits of the high stable pattern for 5-year-olds would have been underestimated for these two groups as well, suggesting the advisability of examining mothering by ethnicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-57
Number of pages14
JournalParenting
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

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Ethnic Groups
ethnic group
ethnicity
Mothers
African Americans
low income
Parenting
Child Development
cluster analysis
Cluster Analysis
parents
Group
interaction
American

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Fuligni, A. S., Brady-Smith, C., Tamis-Lemonda, C., Bradley, R. H., Chazan-Cohen, R., Boyce, L., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (2013). Patterns of Supportive Mothering with 1-, 2-, and 3-Year-Olds by Ethnicity in Early Head Start. Parenting, 13(1), 44-57. https://doi.org/10.1080/15295192.2013.732434

Patterns of Supportive Mothering with 1-, 2-, and 3-Year-Olds by Ethnicity in Early Head Start. / Fuligni, Allison Sidle; Brady-Smith, Christy; Tamis-Lemonda, Catherine; Bradley, Robert H.; Chazan-Cohen, Rachel; Boyce, Lisa; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne.

In: Parenting, Vol. 13, No. 1, 01.2013, p. 44-57.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fuligni, AS, Brady-Smith, C, Tamis-Lemonda, C, Bradley, RH, Chazan-Cohen, R, Boyce, L & Brooks-Gunn, J 2013, 'Patterns of Supportive Mothering with 1-, 2-, and 3-Year-Olds by Ethnicity in Early Head Start', Parenting, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 44-57. https://doi.org/10.1080/15295192.2013.732434
Fuligni, Allison Sidle ; Brady-Smith, Christy ; Tamis-Lemonda, Catherine ; Bradley, Robert H. ; Chazan-Cohen, Rachel ; Boyce, Lisa ; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne. / Patterns of Supportive Mothering with 1-, 2-, and 3-Year-Olds by Ethnicity in Early Head Start. In: Parenting. 2013 ; Vol. 13, No. 1. pp. 44-57.
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