Patterns of psychological health problems and family maltreatment among United States Air Force members

Michael F. Lorber, Shu Xu, Richard E. Heyman, Amy M.Smith Slep, Theodore P. Beauchaine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objectives:: We sought to identify subgroups of individuals based on patterns of psychological health problems (PH; e.g., depressive symptoms, hazardous drinking) and family maltreatment (FM; e.g., child and partner abuse). Method:: We analyzed data from very large surveys of United States Air Force active duty members with romantic partners and children. Results:: Latent class analyses indicated six replicable patterns of PH problems and FM. Five of these classes, representing ∼98% of survey participants, were arrayed ordinally, with increasing risk of multiple PH problems and FM. A sixth group defied this ordinal pattern, with pronounced rates of FM and externalizing PH problems, but without correspondingly high rates/levels of internalizing PH problems. Conclusions:: Ramifications of these results for intervention are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1258-1271
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2018



  • United States Air Force
  • child abuse
  • latent class analysis
  • partner abuse
  • psychological health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology

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