Path loss, shadow fading, and line-of-sight probability models for 5G urban macro-cellular scenarios

Shu Sun, Timothy A. Thomas, Theodore Rappaport, Huan Nguyen, Istvan Z. Kovacs, Ignacio Rodriguez

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper presents key parameters including the line-of-sight (LOS) probability, large-scale path loss, and shadow fading models for the design of future fifth generation (5G) wireless communication systems in urban macro- cellular (UMa) scenarios, using the data obtained from propagation measurements at 38 GHz in Austin, US, and at 2, 10, 18, and 28 GHz in Aalborg, Denmark. A comparison of different LOS probability models is performed for the Aalborg environment. Alpha- betagamma and close-in reference distance path loss models are studied in depth to show their value in channel modeling. Additionally, both single-slope and dual-slope omnidirectional path loss models are investigated to analyze and contrast their root-mean-square (RMS) errors on measured path loss values. While the results show that the dual-slope large-scale path loss model can slightly reduce RMS errors compared to its singleslope counterpart in non-line-of-sight (NLOS) conditions, the improvement is not significant enough to warrant adopting the dual- slope path loss model. Furthermore, the shadow fading magnitude versus distance is explored, showing a slight increasing trend in LOS and a decreasing trend in NLOS based on the Aalborg data, but more measurements are necessary to gain a better knowledge of the UMa channels at centimeter- and millimeter-wave frequency bands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2015 IEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2015 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Print)9781467395267
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 18 2016
EventIEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2015 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Dec 6 2015Dec 10 2015

Other

OtherIEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2015
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period12/6/1512/10/15

Fingerprint

Macros
scenario
Mean square error
trend
Millimeter waves
communication system
Denmark
Frequency bands
Values
Communication systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Communication

Cite this

Sun, S., Thomas, T. A., Rappaport, T., Nguyen, H., Kovacs, I. Z., & Rodriguez, I. (2016). Path loss, shadow fading, and line-of-sight probability models for 5G urban macro-cellular scenarios. In 2015 IEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2015 - Proceedings [7414036] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/GLOCOMW.2015.7414036

Path loss, shadow fading, and line-of-sight probability models for 5G urban macro-cellular scenarios. / Sun, Shu; Thomas, Timothy A.; Rappaport, Theodore; Nguyen, Huan; Kovacs, Istvan Z.; Rodriguez, Ignacio.

2015 IEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2015 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2016. 7414036.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Sun, S, Thomas, TA, Rappaport, T, Nguyen, H, Kovacs, IZ & Rodriguez, I 2016, Path loss, shadow fading, and line-of-sight probability models for 5G urban macro-cellular scenarios. in 2015 IEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2015 - Proceedings., 7414036, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., IEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2015, San Diego, United States, 12/6/15. https://doi.org/10.1109/GLOCOMW.2015.7414036
Sun S, Thomas TA, Rappaport T, Nguyen H, Kovacs IZ, Rodriguez I. Path loss, shadow fading, and line-of-sight probability models for 5G urban macro-cellular scenarios. In 2015 IEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2015 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2016. 7414036 https://doi.org/10.1109/GLOCOMW.2015.7414036
Sun, Shu ; Thomas, Timothy A. ; Rappaport, Theodore ; Nguyen, Huan ; Kovacs, Istvan Z. ; Rodriguez, Ignacio. / Path loss, shadow fading, and line-of-sight probability models for 5G urban macro-cellular scenarios. 2015 IEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2015 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2016.
@inproceedings{dd3fad33cb7d4a24ab76fe005ec9ea5a,
title = "Path loss, shadow fading, and line-of-sight probability models for 5G urban macro-cellular scenarios",
abstract = "This paper presents key parameters including the line-of-sight (LOS) probability, large-scale path loss, and shadow fading models for the design of future fifth generation (5G) wireless communication systems in urban macro- cellular (UMa) scenarios, using the data obtained from propagation measurements at 38 GHz in Austin, US, and at 2, 10, 18, and 28 GHz in Aalborg, Denmark. A comparison of different LOS probability models is performed for the Aalborg environment. Alpha- betagamma and close-in reference distance path loss models are studied in depth to show their value in channel modeling. Additionally, both single-slope and dual-slope omnidirectional path loss models are investigated to analyze and contrast their root-mean-square (RMS) errors on measured path loss values. While the results show that the dual-slope large-scale path loss model can slightly reduce RMS errors compared to its singleslope counterpart in non-line-of-sight (NLOS) conditions, the improvement is not significant enough to warrant adopting the dual- slope path loss model. Furthermore, the shadow fading magnitude versus distance is explored, showing a slight increasing trend in LOS and a decreasing trend in NLOS based on the Aalborg data, but more measurements are necessary to gain a better knowledge of the UMa channels at centimeter- and millimeter-wave frequency bands.",
author = "Shu Sun and Thomas, {Timothy A.} and Theodore Rappaport and Huan Nguyen and Kovacs, {Istvan Z.} and Ignacio Rodriguez",
year = "2016",
month = "2",
day = "18",
doi = "10.1109/GLOCOMW.2015.7414036",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9781467395267",
booktitle = "2015 IEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2015 - Proceedings",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Path loss, shadow fading, and line-of-sight probability models for 5G urban macro-cellular scenarios

AU - Sun, Shu

AU - Thomas, Timothy A.

AU - Rappaport, Theodore

AU - Nguyen, Huan

AU - Kovacs, Istvan Z.

AU - Rodriguez, Ignacio

PY - 2016/2/18

Y1 - 2016/2/18

N2 - This paper presents key parameters including the line-of-sight (LOS) probability, large-scale path loss, and shadow fading models for the design of future fifth generation (5G) wireless communication systems in urban macro- cellular (UMa) scenarios, using the data obtained from propagation measurements at 38 GHz in Austin, US, and at 2, 10, 18, and 28 GHz in Aalborg, Denmark. A comparison of different LOS probability models is performed for the Aalborg environment. Alpha- betagamma and close-in reference distance path loss models are studied in depth to show their value in channel modeling. Additionally, both single-slope and dual-slope omnidirectional path loss models are investigated to analyze and contrast their root-mean-square (RMS) errors on measured path loss values. While the results show that the dual-slope large-scale path loss model can slightly reduce RMS errors compared to its singleslope counterpart in non-line-of-sight (NLOS) conditions, the improvement is not significant enough to warrant adopting the dual- slope path loss model. Furthermore, the shadow fading magnitude versus distance is explored, showing a slight increasing trend in LOS and a decreasing trend in NLOS based on the Aalborg data, but more measurements are necessary to gain a better knowledge of the UMa channels at centimeter- and millimeter-wave frequency bands.

AB - This paper presents key parameters including the line-of-sight (LOS) probability, large-scale path loss, and shadow fading models for the design of future fifth generation (5G) wireless communication systems in urban macro- cellular (UMa) scenarios, using the data obtained from propagation measurements at 38 GHz in Austin, US, and at 2, 10, 18, and 28 GHz in Aalborg, Denmark. A comparison of different LOS probability models is performed for the Aalborg environment. Alpha- betagamma and close-in reference distance path loss models are studied in depth to show their value in channel modeling. Additionally, both single-slope and dual-slope omnidirectional path loss models are investigated to analyze and contrast their root-mean-square (RMS) errors on measured path loss values. While the results show that the dual-slope large-scale path loss model can slightly reduce RMS errors compared to its singleslope counterpart in non-line-of-sight (NLOS) conditions, the improvement is not significant enough to warrant adopting the dual- slope path loss model. Furthermore, the shadow fading magnitude versus distance is explored, showing a slight increasing trend in LOS and a decreasing trend in NLOS based on the Aalborg data, but more measurements are necessary to gain a better knowledge of the UMa channels at centimeter- and millimeter-wave frequency bands.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84971349973&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84971349973&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/GLOCOMW.2015.7414036

DO - 10.1109/GLOCOMW.2015.7414036

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84971349973

SN - 9781467395267

BT - 2015 IEEE Globecom Workshops, GC Wkshps 2015 - Proceedings

PB - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.

ER -